Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 500–503 | Cite as

The Relationship Between Bipolar Disorder, Seasonality, and Premenstrual Symptoms

  • Deborah R. Kim
  • Kathryn A. Czarkowski
  • C. Neill Epperson
DAVID S. JANOWSKY, SECTION EDITOR

Abstract

Cyclical mood disorders characterized by shifting affective states include bipolar disorder, seasonal affective disorder, and premenstrual syndrome/premenstrual dysphoric disorder. In this article, we explore the relationship between these disorders and bring the reader up to date on the advances made in the past year in understanding the relationship between bipolar disorder, seasonality, and premenstrual symptoms.

Keywords

Bipolar disorder Seasonality Seasonal affective disorder Women’s health Premenstrual syndrome Premenstrual dysphoric disorder Melatonin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah R. Kim
    • 1
  • Kathryn A. Czarkowski
    • 1
  • C. Neill Epperson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Penn Center for Women’s Behavioral WellnessUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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