Current Psychiatry Reports

, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp 440–445 | Cite as

Mania in neurologic disorders

  • Mario F. Mendez


Neurologic disorders can produce “secondary” mania. Clinicians must distinguish secondary mania from primary, idiopathic manic-depressive illness (MBI). In addition to medical and drug-induced causes of secondary mania, neurologic causes usually develop in older patients who may lack a strong family history of MDI. Neurologic causes of mania include focal strokes in the right basotemporal or inferofrontal region, strokes or tumors in the perihypothalamic region, Huntington’s disease and other movement disorders, multiple sclerosis and other white matter diseases, head trauma, infections such as neurosyphilis and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and frontotemporal dementia. Patients with new-onset mania require an evaluation that includes a thorough history, a neurologic examination, neuroimaging, and other selected tests. The management of patients with neurologic mania involving correcting the underlying disorder when possible and the judicious use of drugs such as the anticonvulsant medications.


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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mario F. Mendez
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurobehavior Unit (116AF)Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare SystemLos AngelesUSA

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