Ruhman W: The earliest book on rheumatism. Br J Rheumatol 1940, 2:140–162.
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Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, et al.: The American College of Rheumatology 1990 Criteria for the Classification of Fibromyalgia: report of the Multicenter Criteria Committee. Arthritis Rheum 1990, 33:160–172. This multicenter study set the criteria for uniform classification of FMS for research purposes that have been used all over the world. These criteria also are helpful for clinical diagnosis.
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Yunus MB, Inanici F, Aldag JC, Mangold RF: Fibromyalgia in men: comparison of clinical features with women. J Rheumatol 2000, 27:485–490.
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Moldofsky H, Scarisbrick P, England R, Smythe H: Musculoskeletal symptoms and non-REM sleep disturbance in patients with “fibrositis syndrome” and healthy subjects. Psychosom Med 1975, 37:341–351. The first study of sleep encephalogram in FMS showing arousal in non-REM sleep.
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Yunus M, Masi AT, Calabro JJ, et al.: Primary fibromyalgia (fibrositis): clinical study of 50 patients with matched normal controls. Semin Arthritis Rheum 1981, 11:151–171. This is the first controlled study of the clinical characteristics of FMS that provided the first data-based criteria for FMS. It also confirmed previous anecdotally described symptoms and a high number of tender points in FMS and added new features, including association of fibromyalgia with IBS and headaches.
Yunus MB: Symptoms and signs of fibromyalgia syndrome: an overview. In Text Book of Fibromyalgia and Other Non-neuropathic Chronic Pain Syndromes. Edited by Wallace DJ, Clauw DJ. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; in press.
Yunus MB: The concept of central sensitivity syndromes. In Text Book of Fibromyalgia and Other Non-neuropathic Chronic Pain Syndromes. Edited by Wallace DJ, Clauw DJ. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; in press. An important chapter that describes the concept of central sensitivity syndromes and reviews all of the currently available evidence for mutual associations and central sensitization among FMS and related conditions.
Yunus MB: Fibromyalgia: a need for uniform classification. J Rheumatol 1983, 10:841–844.
Yunus MB: Primary fibromyalgia syndrome: current concepts. Compr Ther 1984, 10:21–28. The first article that depicts the interconnectedness between FMS and similar syndromes by a Venn diagram.
Hudson JI, Pope HG Jr: Fibromyalgia and psychopathology:Is fibromyalgia a form of “affective spectrum disorder?”
J Rheumatol 1989, 19(suppl):15–22. This article proposes overlaps between FMS and related conditionsas well as several psychiatric conditions. All of these syndromes later were proposed to be connected by central sensitization rather than by affective mechanism.
Bennett RM: Emerging concepts in the neurobiology of chronic pain: evidence of abnormal sensory processing in fibromyalgia. Mayo Clin Proc 1999, 74:385–398. A useful review of central sensitization in FMS.
Yunus MB: Central sensitivity syndromes: a unified concept for fibromyalgia and other similar maladies. J Indian Rheumatism Assoc 2000, 8:27–33. An important review of evidence for central sensitization in FMS and other related disorders. It also suggests a new terminology of “central sensitivity syndromes” for these disorders.
Yunus MB, Masi AT: Juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome: a clinical study of 33 patients and matched normal controls. Arthritis Rheum 1985, 28:138–145.
Yunus MB: Towards a model of pathophysiology of fibromyalgia: aberrant central pain mechanisms with peripheral modulation. J Rheumatol 1992, 19:846–850. An editorial that proposes a model for FMS pathogenesis with emphasis on aberrant central pain mechanisms interacting with peripheral factors.
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Wolfe F, Ross K, Anderson J, et al.: The prevalence and characteristics of fibromyalgia in the general population. Arthritis Rheum 1995, 38:19–28.
White KP, Speechley M, Harth M, Ostbye T: The London Fibromyalgia Epidemiology Study: direct health care costs of fibromyalgia syndrome in London, Canada. J Rheumatol 1999, 26:885–889.
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Croft P, Schollum J, Silman A: Population study of tender point counts and pain as evidence of fibromyalgia. BMJ 1994, 309:696–699.
Yunus MB, Ahles TA, Aldag JC, Masi AT: Relationship of clinical features with psychological status in primary fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 1991, 34:15–21.
Aaron LA, Bradley LA, Alarcon GS, et al.: Psychiatric diagnoses in patients with fibromyalgia are related to health care-seeking behavior rather than to illness. Arthritis Rheum 1996, 39:436–445.
Yunus MB: Psychological aspects of fibromyalgia syndrome: a component of the dysfunctional spectrum syndrome. Baillieres Clin Rheumatol 1994, 8:811–837.
Hawley DJ, Wolfe F: Depression is not more common in rheumatoid arthritis: a 10-year longitudinal study of 6153 patients with rheumatic disease. J Rheumatol 1993, 20:2025–2031.
Arnold LM, Iyengar SK, Khan MA, et al.: Genetic linkage of fibromyalgia to the serotonin receptor 2A region on chromosome 13 and the HLA region on chromosome 6 [Abstract]. Arthritis Rheum 2003, 48(suppl 9):S228-S229.
Turk DC, Okifuji A, Sinclair JD, Starz TW: Differential responses by psychosocial subgroups of fibromyalgia syndrome patients to an interdisciplinary treatment. Arthritis Care Res 1998, 11:397–404.
Giesecke T, Williams DA, Harris RE, et al.: Subgrouping of fibromyalgia patients on the basis of pressure-pain thresholds and psychological factors. Arthritis Rheum 2003, 48:2916–2922.
Burckhardt CS, Clark SR, Bennett RM: The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire: development and validation. J Rheumatol 1991, 18:728–733. An instrument for assessing physical and psychologic functions in FMS that has been widely accepted and used.
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Staud R, Vierck CJ, Cannon RL, et al.: Abnormal sensitization and temporal summation of second pain (wind-up) in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. Pain 2001, 91:165–175. This well-designed study demonstrates temporal summation, an important evidence of central sensitization in FMS.
Desmeules JA, Cedraschi C, Rapiti E, et al.: Neurophysiologic evidence for a central sensitization in patients with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 2003, 48:1420–1429. This article demonstrates central sensitization in FMS regardless of patient-reported pain.
Mountz JM, Bradley LA, Modell JG, et al.: Fibromyalgia in women: abnormalities of regional cerebral blood flow in the thalamus and the caudate nucleus are associated with low pain threshold levels. Arthritis Rheum 1995, 38:926–938.
Gracely RH, Petzke F, Wolf JM, Clauw DJ: Functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence of augmented pain processing in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 2002, 46:1333–1343.
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Crofford LJ, Pillemer SR, Kalogeras KT, et al.: Hypothalamicpituitary-adrenal axis perturbations in patients with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 1994, 37:1583–1592.
Bennett RM, Clark SR, Campbell SM, Burckhardt CS: Low levels of somatomedin C in patients with the fibromyalgia syndrome: a possible link between sleep and muscle pain. Arthritis Rheum 1992, 35:1113–1116.
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Yunus MB, Khan MA, Rawlings KK, et al.: Genetic linkage analysis of multicase families with fibromyalgia syndrome. J Rheumatol 1999, 26:408–412.
Arnold LM, Hudson JI, Hess EV, et al.: Family study of fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 2004, 50:944–952.
Vaeroy H, Helle R, Forre O, et al.: Elevated CSF levels of substance P and high incidence of Raynaud’s phenomenon in patients with fibromyalgia: new features for diagnosis. Pain 1988, 32:21–26. The first report of elevated substance P in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with fibromyalgia.
Russell IJ, Orr MD, Littman B, et al.: Elevated cerebrospinal fluid levels of substance P in patients with the fibromyalgia syndrome. Arthritis Rheum 1994, 37:1593–1601. An important confirmation of elevated substance P in cerebrospinal fluid in patients with FMS.
Russell IJ, Michalek JE, Vipraio GA, et al.: Platelet 3H-imipramine uptake receptor density and serum serotonin levels in patients with fibromyalgia/fibrositis syndrome. J Rheumatol 1992, 19:104–109.
Bennett RM, Clark SR, Goldberg L, et al.: Aerobic fitness in patients with fibrositis: a controlled study of respiratory gas exchange and 133xenon clearance from exercising muscle. Arthritis Rheum 1989, 32:454–460.
Buskila D, Neuman L, Vaisberg G, et al.: Increased rates of fibromyalgia following cervical spine injury: a controlled study of 161 cases of traumatic injury. Arthritis Rheum 1997, 40:446–452.
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Goldenberg DL, Felson DT, Dinerman H: A randomized, controlled trial of amitriptyline and naproxen in the treatment of patients with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 1986, 29:1371–1377.
Bennett RM, Gatter RA, Campbell SM, et al.: A comparison of cyclobenzaprine and placebo in the management of fibrositis: a double-blind, controlled study. Arthritis Rheum 1988, 31:1535–1542.
Bennett RM, Kamin M, Karim R, Rosenthal N: Tramadol and acetaminophen combination tablets in the treatment of fibromyalgia pain: a double-blind, randomized, placebocontrolled study. Am J Med 2003, 114:537–545.