Yunus M, Masi AT, Calabro JJ, et al.: Primary fibromyalgia (fibrositis): clinical study of 50 patients with matched controls. Semin Arthritis Rheum 1981, 11:151–171.
Manning AP, Thompson C, Weinzierl M, et al.: Towards positive diagnosis of the irritable bowel. Br Med J 1978, 2:653–654.
Palm O, Moum B, Jahnsen J, Gran JT: Fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a cross-sectional population survey. J Rheumatol 2001, 28:590–594.
Buskila D, Odes LR, Neumann L, Odes HS: Fibromyalgia in inflammatory bowel disease. J Rheumatol 1999, 26:1167–1171.
Zipser RD, Patel D, Yahya KZ, et al.: Presentations of adult celiac disease in a nationwide patient support group. Dig Dis Sci 2003, 48:761–764.
Triadafilopoulos G, Simms RW, Goldenberg DL: Bowel dysfunction in fibromyalgia syndrome. Dig Dis Sci 1991, 36:59–64.
Chang L: The association of functional gastrointestinal disorders and fibromyalgia. Eur J Surg 1998, 583:32–36. One of the best reviews of the subject.
Malt EA, Ursin H: Mutilation anxiety differs among females with fibromyalgia and functional dyspepsia and population controls. J Psychosom Res 2003, 54:523–531.
Malt EA, Berle JE, Olafsson S, et al.: Fibromyalgia is associated with panic disorder and functional dyspepsia with mood disorders: a study of women with random sample population controls. J Psychosom Res 2000, 49:285–289.
Klerman EB, Goldenberg DL, Brown EN, et al.: Circadian rhythms of women with fibromyalgia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2001, 86:1034–1039.
Silver DS, Wallace DJ: The management of fibromyalgia-associated syndromes. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 2002, 28:405–417.
Wallace DJ, Wallace JB: All About Fibromyalgia. London, New York: Oxford University Press; 2002.
Huang CS, Farraye FA: Irritable bowel syndrome: managing this complex disorder. Womens Health Prim Care 2003, 6:247–256.
Thompson WG, Longstreth GF, Drossman DA, et al.: Functional bowel disorders and functional abdominal pain. Gut 1999, 45:43–47.
Cook IJ, Van Elden A, Collins SM: Patients with irritable bowel syndrome have greater pain tolerance than normal subjects. Gastroenterology 1987, 93:727–733.
Serra J, Azpiroz F, Malagelada JR: Impaired transit and tolerance of intestinal gas in the irritable bowel syndrome. Gut 2001, 48:14–19.
Veale D, Kavanaugh G, Fielding JF, Fitzgerald O: Primary fibromyalgia and the irritable bowel syndrome: different expressions of a common pathogenetic process. Br J Rheumatol 1991, 30:220–222.
Sivri A, Cindas A, Dincer F, Sivri B: Bowel dysfunction and irritable bowel function in fibromyalgia patients. Clin Rheumatol 1996, 15:283–286.
Lubrano E, Iovino P, Tremolaterra F, et al.: Fibromyalgia in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: an association with the severity of the intestinal disorder. Int J Colorectal Dis 2001, 16:211–215.
Sperber AD, Atzmon Y, Neumann L, et al.: Fibromyalgia in the irritable bowel syndrome: studies of prevalence and clinical implications. Am J Gastroenterol 1999, 94:3541–3546. Outstanding for its thoughtfulness and thoroughness.
Sperber AD, Carmel S, Atzmon Y, et al.: The sense of coherence index and the irritable bowel syndrome: a cross-sectional comparison among irritable bowel syndrome patients with and without coexisting fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome non-patients, and controls. Scand J Gastroenterol 1999, 34:259–263.
Sperber AD, Carmel S, Atzmon Y, et al.: Use of Functional Bowel Disorder Severity Index (FBDSI) in a study of patients with the irritable syndrome and fibromyalgia. Am J Gastrointestinal 2000, 95:995–998.
Scarinci IC, McDonald-Haile J, Bradley LA, Richter JE: Altered pain perception and psychosocial features among women with gastrointestinal disorders and history of abuse: a preliminary model. Am J Med 1994, 97:108–118.
Chang L, Mayer EA, Johnson T, et al.: Differences in somatic perception in female patients with irritable bowel syndrome with and without fibromyalgia. Pain 2000, 84:297–307. Outstanding methodologies were used in this study.
Chun A, Desaultes S, Slivka A, et al.: Visceral algesia in irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and sphincter of Oddi dysfunction: type III. Dig Dis Sci 1999, 44:631–636.
Toskes PP, Kumar A: Enteric bacterial flora and bacterial overgrowth syndrome. In Sleisenger and Fortran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, edn 6. Edited by Feldman M, Scharschmidt BF, Sleisenger MH: Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1998:1523.
King CE, Toskes PP: Comparison of the 1-gram [14C] xylose, 10-gram lactulose-H2, and 80-gram glucose H2 breath tests in patients with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Gastroenterology 1986, 91:1447.
Pimentel M, Chow EJ, Hallegua DJ, et al.: Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth: a possible association with fibromyalgia. J Musculoskel Pain 2001, 9:107–113.
Pimentel M, Hallegua DS, Wallace DJ, et al.: Improvement of symptoms by eradication of small intestinal overgrowth in FMS: a double-blind study. Arthritis Rheum 1999, 42:S343.
Pimentel M, Wallace DJ, Hallegua D, et al.: A link between irritable bowel syndrome and fibromyalgia may be related to findings on lactulose breath testing. Ann Rheum Dis 2004, 63:450–452. Outstanding for its thoroughness.