• Dieleman JL, Baral R, Birger M, Bui AL, Bulchis A, Chapin A, et al. US spending on personal health care and public health, 1996-2013. JAMA. 2016;316:2627–46 This manuscript provides an outstanding pattern of utilization of health care expenditures on personal health care and public health, showing musculoskeletal conditions and neck and back pain constitute a significant proportion of growing health care expenditures.
• U.S. Burden of Disease Collaborators. The state of US health, 1990–2010: burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. JAMA. 2013;310:591–608 This manuscript shows the state of US health from 1999 to 2010 with burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors. The manuscript also shows low back pain as the number one problem, followed by musculoskeletal conditions as number two. There are multiple other chronic pain conditions including depression and anxiety in the first 10 conditions of disability.
•• Al-Boloushi Z, López-Royo MP, Arian M, Gómez-Trullén EM, Herrero P. Minimally invasive non-surgical management of plantar fasciitis: a systematic review. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2019;23:122–37 This manuscript describes in a systematic review format minimally invasive non-surgical treatments of plantar fasciitis. It provides an overview with analysis of 29 full-text articles.
Martin RL, Davenport TE, Reischl SF, McPoil TG, Matheson JW, Wukich DK, et al. Heel pain-plantar fasciitis: revision 2014. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2014;44:A1–33.
McPoil TG, Martin RL, Cornwall MW, Wukich DK, Irrgang JJ, Godges JJ. Heel pain-plantar fasciitis: clinical practice guidelines linked to the International Classification of Function, Disability, and Health from the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2008;38:A1–18.
Wong T. Risk factors and outcomes in bilateral plantar fasciitis. J Sci Med Sport. 2018;21:S8.
Buchbinder R. Plantar fasciitis. N Engl J Med. 2004;350:2159–66.
Tahririan MA, Motififard M, Tahmasebi MN, Siavashi B. Plantar fasciitis. J Res Med Sci. 2012;17:799–804.
Karhade AV, Kwon JY. Trends in foot and ankle studies published in high-impact general medical journals: a systematic review. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2019;58:540–4.
Riddle DL, Schappert SM. Volume of ambulatory care visits and patterns of care for patients diagnosed with plantar fasciitis: a national study of medical doctors. Foot Ankle Int. 2004;25:303–10.
Nahin RL. Prevalence and pharmaceutical treatment of plantar fasciitis in United States adults. J Pain. 2018;19:885–96.
Thompson JV, Saini SS, Reb CW, Daniel JN. Diagnosis and management of plantar fasciitis. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2014;114:900–6.
•• Owens JM. Diagnosis and management of plantar fasciitis in primary care. JNP. 2017;13:354–9 This manuscript provides a comprehensive review of diagnosis and management of plantar fasciitis in primary care.
•• Boakye L, Chambers MC, Carney D, Yan A, Hogan MV, Ewalefo SO. Management of symptomatic plantar fasciitis. Oper Tech Orthop. 2018;28:73–8 This mansucript outlines the management of symptomatic plantar fasciitis describing clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, and nonoperative mangaement with provision of diagnostic criteria.
Tong KB, Furia J. Economic burden of plantar fasciitis treatment in the United States. Am J Orthop. 2010;39:227–31.
Clinical Knowledge Summary (CKS). National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE); 2015.
Goff JD, Crawford R. Diagnosis and treatment of plantar fasciitis. Am Fam Physician. 2011;84:676–82.
Manchikanti L, Soin A, Mann DP, Bakshi S, Pampati V, Hirsch JA. Reversal of growth of utilization of interventional techniques in managing chronic pain in Medicare population post Affordable Care Act. Pain Physician. 2017;20:551–67.
Manchikanti L, Pampati V, Benyamin RM, Hirsch JA. Cost calculation methodology exacerbates site-of-service differentials by 10- to 18-fold for soft tissue and joint injections in hospital outpatient departments. IPM Rep. 2017;1:183–9.
Cutts S, Obi N, Pasapula C, Chan W. Plantar fasciitis. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2012;94:539–42.
Miller LE, Latt DL. Chronic plantar fasciitis mediated by local hemodynamics: implications for emerging treatments. N Am J Med Sci. 2015;7:1–5.
Carek PJ, Edenfield KM, Michaudet C, Nicolette GW. Foot and ankle conditions: plantar fasciitis. FP Essent. 2018;465:11–7.
•• Bhashyam AR, Keyser C, Miller CP, Jacobs J, Bluman E, Smith JT, et al. Prospective evaluation of opioid use after adoption of a prescribing guideline for outpatient foot and ankle surgery. Foot Ankle Int. 2019;18:1071100719863711 This manuscript provides a prospective evaluation of opioid use after adoption of a prescribing guideline for outpatient foot and ankle surgery showing the amount of opioid consumption for patients undergoing foot and ankle procedures. They also showed independent risk factors for increased opioid consumption.
Finney FT, Gossett TD, Hu HM, Waljee JF, Brummett CM, Walton DM, et al. New persistent opioid use and associated risk factors following treatment of ankle fractures. Foot Ankle Int. 2019;40:1043–51.
Saini S, McDonald EL, Shakked R, Nicholson K, Rogero R, Chapter M, et al. Prospective evaluation of utilization patterns and prescribing guidelines of opioid consumption following orthopedic foot and ankle surgery. Foot Ankle Int. 2018;39:1257–65.
Manchikanti L, Kaye AM, Knezevic NN, McAnally H, Trescot AM, Blank S, et al. Responsible, safe, and effective prescription of opioids for chronic non-cancer pain: American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) guidelines. Pain Physician. 2017;20:S3–92.
Jonan AB, Kaye AD, Urman RD. Buprenorphine formulations: clinical best practice strategies recommendations for perioperative management of patients undergoing surgical or interventional pain procedures. Pain Physician. 2018;21:E1–12.
Przkora R, Antony A, McNeil A, Brenner GJ, Mesrobian J, Rosenquist R, et al. Do pain medicine fellowship programs provide education in practice management? A survey of pain medicine fellowship programs. Pain Physician. 2018;21:E43–8.
Artemiadis AK, Zis P. Neuropathic pain in acute and subacute neuropathies: a systematic review. Pain Physician. 2018;21:111–20.
Fischer B, Jones W, Vojtila L, Kurdyak P. Patterns, changes, and trends in prescription opioid dispensing in Canada, 2005-2016. Pain Physician. 2018;21:219–28.
Scholz A, Bothmer J, Kok M, Hoschen K, Daniels S. Cebranopadol: a novel, first-in-class, strong analgesic: results from a randomized phase IIa clinical trial in postoperative acute pain. Pain Physician. 2018;21:E193–206.
Thorp SL, Suchy T, Vadivelu N, Helander EM, Urman RD, Kaye AD. Functional connectivity alterations: novel therapy and future implications in chronic pain management. Pain Physician. 2018;21:E207–14.
Chang MC. Efficacy of pulsed radiofrequency stimulation in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain: a narrative review. Pain Physician. 2018;21:E225–34.
Manchikanti L, Sanapati J, Benyamin RM, Atluri S, Kaye AD, Hirsch JA. Reframing the prevention strategies of the opioid crisis: focusing on prescription opioids, fentanyl, and heroin epidemic. Pain Physician. 2018;21:309–26.
Johnson RE, Haas K, Lindow K, Shields R. Plantar fasciitis: what is the diagnosis and treatment? Orthop Nurs. 2014;33:198–204.
Tu P, Bytomski JR. Diagnosis of heel pain. Am Fam Physician. 2011;84:909–16.
•• Huffer D, Hing W, Newton R, Clair M. Strength training for plantar fasciitis and the intrinsic foot musculature: a systematic review. Phys Ther Sport. 2017;24:44–52 This manuscript provides a systematic review of strength training for plantar fascitis and the intrinsic foot musculature with review of available literature with 7 articles meeting the inclusion criteria.
•• Cotchett MP, Landorf KB, Munteanu SE. Effectiveness of dry needling and injections of myofascial trigger points associated with plantar heel pain: a systematic review. J Foot Ankle Res. 2010;3:18 This is a manuscript of systematic review of effectiveness of dry needling and injections of myofascial trigger points associated with plantar heel pain, showing limited evidence for the effectiveness of dry needling and/or injections of trigger points associated with plantar heel pain.
Muth CC. Plantar fasciitis. JAMA. 2017;318:400.
• Grieve R, Palmer S. Physiotherapy for plantar fasciitis: a UK-wide survey of current practice. Physiotherapy. 2017;103:193–200 This manuscript shows physiotherapy for plantar fasciitis in a UK-wide survey of current practices. This manuscript interviewed 285 physical therapists through surveys.
• Pollack Y, Shashua A, Kalichman L. Manual therapy for plantar heel pain. Foot (Edinb). 2018;34:11–6 This manuscript shows in a review examining randomized controlled trials the role of manual therapy for plantar heel pain with conclusion that soft tissue mobilization is an effective modality for treating plantar heel pain.
Osman AM, El-Hammady DH, Kotb MM. Pulsed compared to thermal radiofrequency to the medial calcaneal nerve for management of chronic refractory plantar fasciitis: a prospective comparative study. Pain Physician. 2016;19:E1181–7.
Malahias M-A, Cantiller EB, Kadu VV, Müller S. The clinical outcome of endoscopic plantar fascia release: a current concept review. Foot Ankle Surg. 2020;26(1):19–24.
Malahias MA, Mavrogenis AF, Nikolaou VS, Megaloikonomos PD, Kazas ST, Chronopoulos E, et al. Similar effect of ultrasound-guided platelet-rich plasma versus platelet-poor plasma injections for chronic plantar fasciitis. Foot (Edinb). 2019;38:30–3.
Shetty SH, Dhond A, Arora M, Deore S. Platelet-rich plasma has better long-term results than corticosteroids or placebo for chronic plantar fasciitis: randomized control trial. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2019;58:42–6.
Uğurlar M, Sönmez MM, Uğurlar ÖY, Adıyeke L, Yıldırım H, Eren OT. Effectiveness of four different treatment modalities in the treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis during a 36-month follow-up period: a randomized controlled trial. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2018;57:913–8.
Covey CJ, Mulder MD. Plantar fasciitis: how best to treat? J Fam Pract. 2013;62:466–71.
Podolsky R, Kalichman L. Taping for plantar fasciitis. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2015;28:1–6.
Perkins KP, Hanney WJ, Rothschild CE. The risks and benefits of running barefoot or in minimalist shoes: a systematic review. Sports Health. 2014;6:475–80.
Murphy K, Curry EJ, Matzkin EG. Barefoot running: does it prevent injuries? Sports Med. 2013;43:1131–8.
Díaz López AM, Guzmán CP. Effectiveness of different physical therapy in conservative treatment of plantar fasciitis: systematic review. Rev Esp Salud Pública. 2014;88:157–78.
Wang YC, Chen SJ, Huang PJ, Huang HT, Cheng YM, Shih CL. Efficacy of different energy levels used in focused and radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy in the treatment of plantar fasciitis: a meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. J Clin Med. 2019;8:E1497.
Latey PJ, Burns J, Hiller C, Nightingale EJ. Relationship between intrinsic foot muscle weakness and pain: a systematic review. J Foot Ankle Res. 2014;7:A51.
[No authors listed]. Plantar fasciitis: will physical therapy help my foot pain? J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2017;47:56.
Renan-Ordine R, Alburquerque-Sendin F, de Souza DP, Cleland JA, Fernandez-de-Las-Penas C. Effectiveness of myofascial trigger point manual therapy combined with a self-stretching protocol for the management of plantar heel pain: a randomized controlled trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2011;41:43–50.
Ajimsha MS, Binsu D, Chithra S. Effectiveness of myofascial release in the management of plantar heel pain: a randomized controlled trial. Foot (Edinb). 2014;24:66–71.
Cleland JA, Abbott JH, Kidd MO, Stockwell S, Cheney S, Gerrard DF, et al. Manual physical therapy and exercise versus electrophysical agents and exercise in the management of plantar heel pain: a multicenter randomized clinical trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2009;39:573–85.
Celik D, Kus G, Sirma SO. Joint mobilization and stretching exercise vs steroid injection in the treatment of plantar fasciitis: a randomized controlled study. Foot Ankle Int. 2016;37:150–6.
Shashua A, Flechter S, Avidan L, Ofir D, Melayev A, Kalichman L. The effect of additional ankle and midfoot mobilizations on plantar fasciitis: a randomized controlled trial. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2015;45:265–72.
Grant MJ, Booth A. A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Inf Libr J. 2009;26:91–108.
Hsu RW, Hsu WH, Tai CL, Lee KF. Effect of shock-wave therapy on patellar tendinopathy in a rabbit model. J Orthop Res. 2004;22:221–7.
Theodore GH, Buch M, Amendola A, Bachmann C, Fleming LL, Zingas C. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy for the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Int. 2004;25:290–7.
Akinoglu B, Köse N, Kirdi N, Yakut Y. Comparison of the acute effect of radial shock wave therapy and ultrasound therapy in the treatment of plantar fasciitis: a randomized controlled study. Pain Med. 2017;18:2443–52.
Hsu WH, Yu PA, Lai LJ, Chen CL, Kuo LT, Fan CH. Effect of extracorporeal shockwave therapy on passive ankle stiffness in patients with plantar fasciopathy. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2018;57:15–8.
Roerdink RL, Dietvorst M, van der Zwaard B, van der Worp H, Zwerver J. Complications of extracorporeal shockwave therapy in plantar fasciitis: systematic review. Int J Surg. 2017;46:133–45.
Wang C-J. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy in musculoskeletal disorders. J Orthop Surg Res. 2012;7:11.
Kudo P, Dainty K, Clarfield M, Coughlin L, Lavoie P, Lebrun C. Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial evaluating the treatment of plantar fasciitis with an extracoporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) device: a North American confirmatory study. J Orthop Res. 2006;24:115–23.
Lou J, Wang S, Liu S, Xing G. Effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy without local anesthesia in patients with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2017;96:529–34.
Sun K, Zhou H, Jiang W. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy versus other therapeutic methods for chronic plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Surg. 2020;26(1):33–8.
Roca B, Mendoza MA, Roca M. Comparison of extracorporeal shock wave therapy with botulinum toxin type A in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Disabil Rehabil. 2016;38:2114–21.
Hocaoglu S, Vurdem UE, Cebicci MA, Sutbeyaz ST, Guldeste Z, Yunsuroglu SG. Comparative effectiveness of radial extracorporeal shockwave therapy and ultrasound-guided local corticosteroid injection treatment for plantar fasciitis. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2017;107:192–9.
Ordahan B, Türkoğlu G, Karahan AY, Akkurt HE. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy versus kinesiology taping in the management of plantar fasciitis: a randomized clinical trial. Arch Rheumatol. 2017;32:227–33.
Ogden JA, Alvarez R, Levitt R, Cross GL, Marlow M. Shock wave therapy for chronic proximal plantar fasciitis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001;387:47–59.
Scheuer R, Friedrich M, Hahne J, Holzapfel J, Machacek P, Ogon M, et al. Approaches to optimize focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) based on an observational study of 363 feet with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. Int J Surg. 2016;27:1–7.
Rompe JD, Schoellner C, Nafe B. Evaluation of low-energy extracorporeal shock-wave application for treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2002;84:335–41.
Maki M, Ikoma K, Kido M, Hara Y, Sawada K, Ohashi S, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging findings of chronic plantar fasciitis before and after extracorporeal shock wave therapy. Foot (Edinb). 2017;33:25–8.
Bicer M, Hocaoglu E, Aksoy S, İnci E, Aktaş İ. Assessment of the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave therapy for plantar fasciitis with magnetic resonance imaging findings. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2018;108:100–5.
Lee JH, Shin KS, Park SJ, Lee GJ, Lee CH, Kim DH, et al. Comparison of clinical efficacy between transforaminal and interlaminar epidural injections in lumbosacral disc herniation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pain Physician. 2018;21:433–48.
Lee JH, Kim DH, Kim DH, Shin KS, Park SJ, Lee GJ, et al. Comparison of clinical efficacy of epidural injection with or without steroid in lumbosacral disc herniation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pain Physician. 2018;21:449–68.
Shanthanna H, Busse JW, Thabane L, Paul J, Couban R, Choudhary H, et al. Local anesthetic injections with or without steroid for chronic non-cancer pain: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Syst Rev. 2016;5:18.
Manchikanti L, Soin A, Mann DP, Bakshi S, Pampati V, Hirsch JA. Comparative analysis of utilization of epidural procedures in managing chronic pain in the Medicare population: Pre and post Affordable Care Act. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019;44:220–32.
Manchikanti L, Soin A, Mann DP, Bakshi S, Pampati V, Kaye AD, et al. Utilization patterns of facet joint interventions in managing spinal pain: a retrospective cohort study in the US fee-for-service Medicare population. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2019;23:73.
Manchikanti L, Pampati V, Parr A III, Manchikanti MV, Sanapati MR, Kaye AD, et al. Cervical interlaminar epidural injections in the treatment of cervical disc herniation, post surgery syndrome, or discogenic pain: cost utility analysis from randomized trials. Pain Physician. 2019;22:421–31.
Hench PS, Kendall EC, Slocumb CH, Polley HF. The effect of a hormone of the adrenal cortex (17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone; compound E) and of pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone on rheumatoid arthritis. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clin. 1949;24:181–97.
Wong SH, Wong CS, Li TT. Steroids in regional analgesia. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2010;11:2839–48.
Lee D-O, Yoo J-H, Cho H-I, Cho S, Cho HR. Comparing effectiveness of polydeoxyribonucleotide injection and corticosteroid injection in plantar fasciitis treatment: a prospective randomized clinical study. Foot Ankle Surg. 2020;26(6):657–61.
Kim JK, Chung JY. Effectiveness of polydeoxyribonucleotide injection versus normal saline injection for treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis: a prospective randomised clinical trial. Int Orthop. 2015;39:1329–34.
Yucel U, Kucuksen S, Cingoz HT, Anliacik E, Ozbek O, Salli A, et al. Full-length silicone insoles versus ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection in the management of plantar fasciitis: a randomized clinical trial. Prosthetics Orthot Int. 2013;37:471–6.
Lai TW, Ma HL, Lee MS, Chen PM, Ku MC. Ultrasonography and clinical outcome comparison of extracorporeal shock wave therapy and corticosteroid injections for chronic plantar fasciitis: a randomized controlled trial. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact. 2018;18:47–54.
Hanselman AE, Tidwell JE, Santrock RD. Cryopreserved human amniotic membrane injection for plantar fasciitis: a randomized, controlled, double-blind pilot study. Foot Ankle Int. 2015;36:151–8.
Lee TG, Ahmad TS. Intralesional autologous blood injection compared to corticosteroid injection for treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis. A prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Foot Ankle Int. 2007;28:984–90.
Mahindra P, Yamin M, Selhi HS, Singla S, Soni A. Chronic plantar fasciitis: effect of platelet-rich plasma, corticosteroid, and placebo. Orthopedics. 2016;39:E285–9.
Singh P, Madanipour S, Bhamra JS, Gill I. A systematic review and meta-analysis of platelet-rich plasma versus corticosteroid injections for plantar fasciopathy. Int Orthop. 2017;41:1169–81.
Kamel M, Kotob H. High frequency ultrasonographic findings in plantar fasciitis and assessment of local steroid injection. J Rheumatol. 2000;27:2139–41.
Monto RR. Platelet-rich plasma efficacy versus corticosteroid injection treatment for chronic severe plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Int. 2014;35:313–8.
Tsai WC, Hsu CC, Chen CPC, Chen MJL, Yu TY, Chen YJ. Plantar fasciitis treated with local steroid injection: comparison between sonographic and palpation guidance. J Clin Ultrasound. 2006;34:12–6.
Sellman JR. Plantar fascia rupture associated with corticosteroid injection. Foot Ankle Int. 1994;15:376–81.
Sanapati J, Manchikanti L, Atluri S, Jordan S, Albers SL, Pappolla MA, et al. Do regenerative medicine therapies provide long-term relief in chronic low back pain: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Pain Physician. 2018;21:515–40.
Navani A, Manchikanti L, Albers SL, Latchaw RE, Sanapati J, Kaye AD, et al. Responsible, safe, and effective use of biologics in the management of low back pain: American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) guidelines. Pain Physician. 2019;22:S1–74.
Zhao L, Kaye AD, Abd-Elsayed A. Stem cells for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a comprehensive review. Pain Physician. 2018;21:229–42.
Aksahin E, Dogruyol D, Yuksel HY, Hapa O, Dogan O, Celebi L, et al. The comparison of the effect of corticosteroids and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2012;132:781–5.
Acosta-Olivo C, Elizondo-Rodriguez J, Lopez-Cavazos R, Vilchez-Cavazos F, Simental-Mendia M, Mendoza-Lemus O. Plantar fasciitis. A comparison of treatment with intralesional steroids versus platelet-rich plasma (PRP). A randomized, blinded study. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2017;107:490–6.
Jain K, Murphy PN, Clough TM. Platelet rich plasma versus corticosteroid injection for plantar fasciitis: a comparative study. Foot (Edinb). 2015;25:235–7.
Omar AS, Ibrahim ME, Ahmed AS, Said M. Local injection of autologous platelet rich plasma and corticosteroid in treatment of lateral epicondylitis and plantar fasciitis: randomized clinical trial. Egypt Rheumatol. 2012;34:43–9.
Say F, Gurler D, Inkaya E, Bulbul M. Comparison of platelet-rich plasma and steroid injection in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2014;48:667–72.
Sherpy NA, Hammad MA, Hagrass HA, Samir H, Abu-ElMaaty SE, Mortada MA. Local injection of autologous platelet rich plasma compared to corticosteroid treatment of chronic plantar fasciitis patients: a clinical and ultrasonographic follow-up study. Egypt Rheumatol. 2016;38:247–52.
Tiwari M, Bhargava R. Platelet rich plasma therapy: a comparative effective therapy with promising results in plantar fasciitis. J Clin Orthop Trauma. 2013;4:31–5.
Orhurhu V, Urits I, Orman S, Viswanath O, Abd-Elsayed A. A systematic review of radiofrequency treatment of the ankle for the management of chronic foot and ankle pain. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2019;23:4.
Arslan A, Koca TT, Utkan A, Sevimli R, Akel İ. Treatment of chronic plantar heel pain with radiofrequency neural ablation of the first branch of the lateral plantar nerve and medial calcaneal nerve branches. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2016;55:767–71.
Hailong J, Hao R, Zipu J, Nan J, Fang L. Pulsed radiofrequency improves neuropathic pain in chronic constriction injury rats through the upregulation of the transcription and translation levels of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor. Pain Physician. 2018;21:33–40.
El-Hakeim EH, Elawamy A, Kamel EZ, Goma SH, Gamal RM, Ghandour AM, et al. Fluoroscopic guided radiofrequency of genicular nerves for pain alleviation in chronic knee osteoarthritis: a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Pain Physician. 2018;21:169–77.
Ramzy EA, Khalil KI, Nour EM, Hamed MF, Taha MA. Evaluation of the effect of duration on the efficacy of pulsed radiofrequency in an animal model of neuropathic pain. Pain Physician. 2018;21:191–8.
Lee DG, Cho YW, Ahn SH, Chang MC. The effect of bipolar pulsed radiofrequency treatment on chronic lumbosacral radicular pain refractory to monopolar pulsed radiofrequency treatment. Pain Physician. 2018;21:E97–103.
Kapural L, Jolly S, Mantoan J, Badhey H, Ptacek T. Cooled radiofrequency neurotomy of the articular sensory branches of the obturator and femoral nerves - combined approach using fluoroscopy and ultrasound guidance: technical report, and observational study on safety and efficacy. Pain Physician. 2018;21:279–84.
Erken HY, Ayanoglu S, Akmaz I, Erler K, Kiral A. Prospective study of percutaneous radiofrequency nerve ablation for chronic plantar fasciitis. Foot Ankle Int. 2014;35:95–103.
Wu YT, Chang CY, Chou YC, Yeh CC, Li TY, Chu HY, et al. Ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency stimulation of posterior tibial nerve: a potential novel intervention for recalcitrant plantar fasciitis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2017;98:964–70.
Belatti DA, Phisitkul P. Economic burden of foot and ankle surgery in the US Medicare population. Foot Ankle Int. 2014;35:334–40.