Symptoms of Concussion and Comorbid Disorders

  • Cherry Junn
  • Kathleen R. Bell
  • Christian Shenouda
  • Jeanne M. Hoffman
Concussion and Head Injury (S Lucas, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Concussion and Head Injury


Symptoms of concussion are divided into three major domains: physical, cognitive, and emotional. These symptoms including headache, neck pain, vision changes, cognitive deficits, and emotional changes can be seen immediately after the injury and usually resolve within the first 3 months. However, some of these symptoms may persist for several months afterward. Risk factors have been identified for prolonged symptoms. Certain early interventions may decrease persistent symptoms. In this chapter, we discuss common acute and persistent symptoms after concussion and provide an overview of assessment tools and management options.


Concussion Head injury Neck pain Headache Comorbid disorders 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Cherry Junn and Christian Shenouda each declare no potential conflicts of interest.

Kathleen R. Bell reports consultant fees from the University of Washington.

Jeanne M. Hoffman reports grants from NIDILRR.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cherry Junn
    • 1
  • Kathleen R. Bell
    • 2
  • Christian Shenouda
    • 3
  • Jeanne M. Hoffman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  3. 3.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineNational Institutes of Health Clinical CenterBethesdaUSA

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