Persistent myalgia following whiplash is commonly considered the result of poor psychosocial status, illness behavior, or failing coping skills. However, there is much evidence that persistent myalgia may be due to neurophysiologic mechanisms involving peripheral and central sensitization. Myofascial trigger points may play a crucial role in maintaining sensitization. Recent research suggests that the chemical environment of myofascial trigger points is an important factor. Several consequences are reviewed when central pain mechanisms and myofascial trigger points are included in the differential diagnosis and in the management of patients with persistent pain following whiplash.
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Dommerholt, J. Persistent myalgia following whiplash. Current Science Inc 9, 326–330 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916-005-0008-5
- Whiplash Injury
- Road Traffic Injury
- Myofascial Trigger Point
- Whiplash Patient
- Chronic Whiplash