Current Osteoporosis Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 52–59 | Cite as

Lifestyle and Osteoporosis

  • Kun ZhuEmail author
  • Richard L. Prince
Nutrition, Exercise, and Lifestyle in Osteoporosis (CM Weaver and R Daly, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Nutrition, Exercise, and Lifestyle in Osteoporosis


Osteoporosis is associated with a number of lifestyle factors, including nutritional factors such as intake of calcium, protein, dairy food, fruits and vegetables and vitamin D status, and behavioural factors such as physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption. Ensuring adequate calcium intake and vitamin D status and having regular weight-bearing physical activity throughout life are important for bone health and the prevention of osteoporosis and related fractures. Studies have shown that smoking and excessive alcohol intake have adverse effects on bone health and increase the risk of fracture. There is evidence suggesting that adequate protein intake and higher intake of fruits and vegetables are beneficial to bone health.


Osteoporosis Bone mineral density Fracture Nutrition Calcium Vitamin D Protein Fruits and vegetables Physical activity Smoking Alcohol consumption 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

K Zhu and RL Prince both declare no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All studies by the authors involving animal and/or human subjects were performed after the approval by the appropriate institutional review boards. When required, written informed consent was obtained from all participants.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Endocrinology and DiabetesSir Charles Gairdner HospitalPerthAustralia
  2. 2.School of Medicine and PharmacologyUniversity of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia

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