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Effect of Post-diagnosis Physical Activity on Breast Cancer Recurrence: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

  • Breast Cancer (RA Leon Ferre, Section Editor)
  • Published:
Current Oncology Reports Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Breast cancer (BC) recurrence dramatically decreases 5-year survival, which causes a fear of BC recurrence among a majority of BC survivors. Evidence is currently inconsistent on whether post-diagnosis recreational physical activity (rPA) can prevent BC recurrence due to the small number of included studies, as well as methodological heterogeneity among the studies. This systematic review aimed to clarify the association between post-diagnosis rPA and the risk of BC recurrence, by conducting a meta-analysis while controlling for the categories of rPA across the existing studies.

Recent Findings

Prospective cohort studies were searched, and five studies were eligible for the meta-analysis. Of 10,094 patients with BC, 1561 had recurrence during the follow-up period ranging from 12 to 156 months. The meta-analysis revealed that patients whose post-diagnosis rPA was ≥ 7.5 metabolic equivalents (MET-h/week) had a lower BC risk than patients whose rPA was 0–3 MET-h/week (hazard ratio [HR], 0.65; 95% CI, 0.58–0.73, p < 0.00001, I2 = 0%).

Summary

The review indicated that a post-diagnosis rPA of ≥ 7.5 MET-h/week could reduce the risk of BC recurrence by 35%. Although it is necessary to investigate randomized controlled studies in the future, this result will strengthen strategies for the care and/or treatment of patients after BC and can motivate BC survivors to participate in rPA programs after BC diagnosis.

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Data Availability

The data that supports the findings of this study are available in the supplementary material of this article.

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Authors

Contributions

AN, NO, MH, and TM designed the study. AN, NO, and MH planed the statistical analyses. TM monitored the review process. AN, NO, MH, and TM interpreted the data and evaluated the studies for inclusion. AN and TM wrote the draft paper. All authors have approved the final version of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Toshiaki Miyamoto.

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Miyamoto, T., Nagao, A., Okumura, N. et al. Effect of Post-diagnosis Physical Activity on Breast Cancer Recurrence: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Curr Oncol Rep 24, 1645–1659 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11912-022-01287-z

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