Purpose of Review
We explore recent developments in the prevention and treatment of migraine through dietary interventions.
Healthier diets (defined in multiple ways), meal regularity, and weight loss are associated with decreased headache burden. Specific diets including the ketogenic diet, the low-glycemic index diet, and the DASH diet are supported by modest evidence for the prevention of migraine. Neither a gluten-free diet, in patients without celiac disease, nor elimination diets have sufficient evidence for their routine consideration.
Diet remains a crucial, but underexplored, component of comprehensive migraine management. Multiple interventions exist for providers and patients to consider integrating into their treatment plan. Larger studies are needed to support stronger recommendations for utilization of specific dietary interventions for the prevention and treatment of migraine.
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Moskatel, L.S., Zhang, N. Migraine and Diet: Updates in Understanding. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 22, 327–334 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11910-022-01195-6
- Ketogenic diet
- Low-glycemic index diet
- Weight management