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A Clinical Approach to Addressing Diet with Migraine Patients

  • Margaret Slavin
  • Jessica Ailani
Headache (RB Halker, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Headache

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Migraine is a common disorder causing attacks of neurological dysfunction and pain. Treatment ranges from pharmacological to lifestyle changes to improve both frequency and severity of attacks. Focus on lifestyle changes, especially diet, is often discussed during clinical visits in the care of migraine patients.

Recent Findings

Diet may play a role in triggering migraine, but available evidence on migraine and diet is limited. When advising patients on dietary changes to improve migraine, it is important to acknowledge the limits in evidence and the larger role that diet may play in lifestyle changes.

Summary

This review will focus on current evidence on the effect of diet and migraine and use a case to illustrate how to approach diet changes in a patient with migraine.

Keywords

Migraine Headache Diet Food 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Margaret Slavin reports grants from McCormick Science Institute and a research contract (co-investigator) from PepsiCo.

Jessica Ailani has received honoraria payments from Teva, Avanir, and Allergan.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margaret Slavin
    • 1
  • Jessica Ailani
    • 2
  1. 1.Nutrition and Food StudiesGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  2. 2.Georgetown Headache CenterMedstar Georgetown University HospitalWashingtonUSA

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