Pyomyositis in Children

  • Sanjay VermaEmail author
Pediatric Infectious Diseases (I Brook, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Pediatric Infectious Diseases


Primary pyomyositis in children is prevalent in the tropics and increasingly being recognised from temperate regions. Staphylococcus aureus remains the principle causative organism worldwide, while proportion of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is on rise. Commonly involved groups are around the pelvis and lower limbs. Clinical presentation depends on the stage of disease, most commonly a child presenting with limping with fever. Early diagnosis and management are crucial. The investigation of choice is MRI scan. Appropriate antibiotic treatment should be instituted at the earliest opportunity along with drainage. Majority of patients show excellent and complete recovery with no long-term complications once treatment is started early. A high level of awareness and suspicion of this condition is warranted from all paediatric clinicians.


Pyomyositis Tropical Children Staphylococcus aureus Muscle abscess 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Dr. Hede declares no competing interests.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatric CentrePostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia

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