Current Infectious Disease Reports

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 526–535 | Cite as

Organ Transplantation in HIV Patients: Current Status and New Directions

  • Valentina Stosor
Transplant and Oncology (M Ison and N Theodoropoulos, Section Editors)


Combination antiretroviral therapy has resulted in longer life expectancies in persons living with HIV; however, end organ disease and death from organ failure have become growing issues for this population. With effective therapies for viral suppression, HIV is no longer considered an absolute contraindication to organ transplantation. Over the past decade, studies of transplantation in patients with HIV have had encouraging results such that patients with organ failure are pursuing transplantation. This review focuses on the current status of organ transplantation for HIV-infected persons.


Human immunodeficiency virus Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Hepatitis C infection Hepatitis B infection Organ transplantation Kidney transplantation Liver transplantation Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Heart transplantation Mechanical circulatory support Pancreas transplantation Lung transplantation 


Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Valentina Stosor declares no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Divisions of Infectious Diseases and Organ Transplantation and Comprehensive Transplant CenterNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA

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