Emerging Therapeutic Potential of Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells in Preeclampsia

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Preeclampsia is a dangerous pregnancy condition affecting both the mother and offspring. It is a multifactorial disease with poorly understood pathogenesis, lacking effective treatments. Maternal immune response, inflammation and oxidative stress leading to endothelial dysfunction are the most prominent pathogenic processes implicated in preeclampsia development. Here, we give a detailed overview of the therapeutic applications and mechanisms of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) as a potential new treatment for preeclampsia.

Recent Findings

MSCs have gained growing attention due to low immunogenicity, easy cultivation and expansion in vitro. Accumulating evidence now suggests that MSCs act primarily through their secretomes facilitating paracrine signalling that leads to potent immunomodulatory, pro-angiogenic and regenerative therapeutic effects.

Summary

MSCs have been studied in different animal models of preeclampsia demonstrating promising result, which support further investigations into the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of MSC-based therapies in preeclampsia, steering these therapies into clinical trials.

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Suvakov, S., Richards, C., Nikolic, V. et al. Emerging Therapeutic Potential of Mesenchymal Stem/Stromal Cells in Preeclampsia. Curr Hypertens Rep 22, 37 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11906-020-1034-8

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Keywords

  • Preeclampsia
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Biological therapies preeclampsia