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Intervention Approaches to Address Intimate Partner Violence and HIV: a Scoping Review of Recent Research

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Abstract

Purpose of Review

Intimate partner violence (IPV) remains a critical challenge to HIV prevention and treatment efforts across the globe. We examined recently published (January 9, 2017–January 9, 2023) integrated behavioral interventions designed to address IPV and HIV across the care continuum.

Recent Findings

Fifteen studies (involving n = 10,947 participants) met the inclusion criteria for this review. Majority (n = 13) of studies focused on IPV and HIV prevention whereas two studies addressed IPV and HIV care engagement among women living with HIV. Ten studies were conducted on the African continent representing 5 countries. Most interventions (n = 11) focused on individual-level outcomes among cisgender women although two involved male partners. About half of the interventions reviewed (n = 8) showed effectiveness on both IPV and HIV outcomes compared to control groups.

Summary

Integrated HIV/IPV interventions are needed to address the synergistic nature of these epidemics among marginalized populations. Future studies should focus on developing and implementing strength-based interventions among people living with HIV, men, transgender people, and Black women in the USA. Additionally, researchers and program managers should consider addressing structural and internalized stigma as potential behavioral mechanisms for improving health among people simultaneously experiencing or at-risk for HIV and IPV.

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Data Availability

Data sharing is not applicable to this article as no new data were created or analyzed in this study.

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Funding

Dr. Kamila A. Alexander received funding from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through grant number GBMF9048 and NIH/NIMH grant number R34MH124586-01A1. Dr. Kamila A. Alexander and Shadae Chambers received funding from the Johns Hopkins University Center for AIDS Research, an NIH funded program (P30AI094189), which is supported by the following NIH Co-Funding and Participating Institutes and Centers: NIAID, NCI, NICHD, NHLBI, NIDA, NIA, NIGMS, NIDDK, and NIMHD. Dr. DaJaneil McCree received funding from the NIH/NICHD supported Interdisciplinary Research Training in Trauma and Violence (IRTTV), grant T32HD094687. Dr. Karin Tobin received funding from grant number R34MH124586-01A1. Dr. Tiara Willie was supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) via K01MD015005 and L32MD016555].

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Correspondence to Kamila A. Alexander PhD, MPH, RN1.

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Kamila Alexander, Gloria Mpundu, Nkem Osian, Shadae Chambers, Brenice Duroseau, DaJaneil McCree, Karin Tobin, and Tiara Willie declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Alexander, K.A., Mpundu, G., Duroseau, B. et al. Intervention Approaches to Address Intimate Partner Violence and HIV: a Scoping Review of Recent Research. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 20, 296–311 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-023-00668-8

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