Crowdsourcing to Improve HIV and Sexual Health Outcomes: a Scoping Review

Abstract

Purpose of Review

This review synthesizes evidence on the use of crowdsourcing to improve HIV/sexual health outcomes.

Recent Findings

We identified 15 studies, including four completed randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one planned RCT, nine completed observational studies, and one planned observational study. Three of the four RCTs suggested that crowdsourcing is an effective, low-cost approach for improving HIV testing and condom use among key populations. Results from the observational studies revealed diverse applications of crowdsourcing to inform policy, research, and intervention development related to HIV/sexual health services.

Summary

Crowdsourcing can be an effective tool for informing the design and implementation of HIV/sexual health interventions, spurring innovation in sexual health research, and increasing community engagement in sexual health campaigns. More research is needed to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of crowdsourcing interventions, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank Jennifer Walker from UNC and SESH members for their contributions to this manuscript. This study received support from the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID 1R01AI114310-01), UNC-South China STD Research Training Center (FIC 1D43TW009532-01), UNC Center for AIDS Research (NIAID 5P30AI050410), National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFE0103800), SESH (Social Entrepreneurship to Spur Health) Global, and Mid-career mentoring grant (K24AI143471). The funders had no role in study design, data collection, and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Joseph D. Tucker.

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Tang, W., Ritchwood, T.D., Wu, D. et al. Crowdsourcing to Improve HIV and Sexual Health Outcomes: a Scoping Review. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 16, 270–278 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-019-00448-3

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Keywords

  • HIV
  • Sexual health
  • Crowdsourcing
  • Quantitative evidence
  • Contests