Current HIV/AIDS Reports

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 336–349 | Cite as

eHealth to Enhance Treatment Adherence Among Youth Living with HIV

  • Marta I. Mulawa
  • Sara LeGrand
  • Lisa B. Hightow-WeidmanEmail author
HIV and Technology (J Simoni and K Horvath, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on HIV and Technology


Purpose of review

Multiple reviews have examined eHealth/mHealth interventions to address treatment adherence, including those focusing on youth living with HIV (YLWH). This review synthesizes results of prior reviews and recent studies (last 5 years) to provide a path forward for future research, acknowledging both lessons learned and gaps to be addressed.

Recent findings

Recent studies provide further evidence for the feasibility and acceptability of technology-based HIV interventions. Formative research of more comprehensive smartphone applications and pilot studies of computer-delivered interventions provide additional guidance on YLWH’s preferences for intervention components and show promising preliminary efficacy for impacting treatment adherence.


Expanding access to technology among YLWH, in the United States (US) and globally, supports the continued focus on eHealth/mHealth interventions as a means to reduce disparities in clinical outcomes. Future research should lend greater focus to implementation and scale-up of interventions through the use of adaptive treatment strategies that include costing analyses, measuring and maximizing engagement, fostering information sharing between researchers, and building upon sustainable platforms.


eHealth mHealth Youth Adolescents SMS Technology HIV treatment 



The authors would like to thank Dr. Kate Muessig for her review of this paper.

Funding Information

This work was supported by the US National Institutes of Health grant (U19HD089881; MPI: Hightow-Weidman/Sullivan).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta I. Mulawa
    • 1
  • Sara LeGrand
    • 2
  • Lisa B. Hightow-Weidman
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Duke Global Health InstituteDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Center for Health Policy and Inequalities, Duke Global Health InstituteDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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