The Path to Implementation of HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis for People Involved in Criminal Justice Systems
- 226 Downloads
The criminal justice (CJ)-involved population in the United States (US) is among the most vulnerable to and heavily impacted by HIV . HIV prevalence is three to five times higher among incarcerated populations than in the general population  and one in seven people living with HIV (PLH) pass through CJ systems each year . Among racial and ethnic minorities, HIV and incarceration are even more closely intertwined: one of every five HIV-infected black or Hispanic/Latino adults passes through CJ systems annually . Individuals involved in CJ systems experience a confluence of factors at the individual (e.g., substance abuse, mental health issues, childhood abuse), interpersonal (e.g., inconsistent condom use, intimate partner violence exposure), and community level (e.g., housing instability, unemployment, poverty, disengagement from medical services, stigma) that increase their risk of HIV [5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15]. HIV risk is exceptionally high immediately...
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
- 1.Rich JD, Beckwith, C.G., Macmadu, A., Marshall, B.D.L., Brinkley-Rubinstein, L., Amon, J.J., Milloy, M.J., King, M.R.F., Sanchez, J., Atwoli, L., and Altice, F.L. Clinical care of incarcerated people with HIV, viral hepatitis or tuberculosis. The Lancet 2016; Epub ahead of publication. .Google Scholar
- 2.Maruschak L. HIV in prisons, 2001–2010. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics; 2012.Google Scholar
- 10.Snyder HN, Sickmund, M. Juvenile offenders and victims: 2006 National Report. Washington D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; 2006.Google Scholar
- 23.Meyer JP MD, El-Bassel N, Altice FL. Leveraging the U.S. Criminal Justice system to access women for HIV interventions. AIDS & Behavior. 2017:Epub ahead of print.Google Scholar
- 25.Rucinski KBMN, Sepkowitz KA, Cutler BH, Sweeney MM, Myers JE. Knowledge and use of pre-exposure prophylaxis among an online sample of young men who have sex with men in New York City. AIDS Behav. 2016;7(6):2180–4.Google Scholar
- 28.White House Office of National AIDS Policy. National HIV/AIDS strategy for the United States: updated to 2020. Washington D.C., 2015.Google Scholar