Current HIV/AIDS Reports

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 147–154 | Cite as

Quarter Century of Anti-HIV CAR T Cells

  • Thor A. Wagner
HIV Pathogenesis and Treatment (AL Landay and N Utay, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on HIV Pathogenesis and Treatment


Purpose of Review

A therapy that might cure HIV is a very important goal for the 30–40 million people living with HIV. Chimeric antigen receptor T cells have recently had remarkable success against certain leukemias, and there are reasons to believe they could be successful for HIV. This manuscript summarizes the published research on HIV CAR T cells and reviews the current anti-HIV chimeric antigen receptor strategies.

Recent Findings

Research on anti-HIV chimeric antigen receptor T cells has been going on for at least the last 25 years. First- and second-generation anti-HIV chimeric antigen receptors have been developed. First-generation anti-HIV chimeric antigen receptors were studied in clinical trials more than 15 years ago, but did not have meaningful clinical efficacy.


There are some reasons to be optimistic about second-generation anti-HIV chimeric antigen receptor T cells, but they have not yet been tested in vivo.


HIV Therapy T cell therapy Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) HIV cure Review 



Dr. Wagner's work on anti-HIV CAR T cells is support by R01 AI118500 and UM1 AI126623.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Thor A. Wagner declares a patent PCT/US2015/024876 pending to Seattle Children’s Hospital.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Seattle Children’s Research InstituteSeattleUSA
  2. 2.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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