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HIV Prevention Among Transgender Populations: Knowledge Gaps and Evidence for Action

An Erratum to this article was published on 13 September 2017

This article has been updated

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The purpose of this review is to summarize the available evidence-based HIV prevention interventions tailored for transgender people.

Recent Findings

A limited number of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions have been tested with transgender populations. Most existing interventions target behavior change among transgender women, with only one HIV prevention program evaluated for transgender men. Studies addressing biomedical interventions for transgender women are ongoing. Few interventions address social and structural barriers to HIV prevention, such as stigma, discrimination, and poverty.

Summary

Evidence-based multi-level interventions that address the structural, biomedical, and behavioral risks for HIV among transgender populations, including transgender men, are needed to address disparities in HIV prevalence. Future research should address not only pre-exposure prophylaxis uptake and condom use but also structural barriers that limit access to these prevention strategies.

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  • 13 September 2017

    An erratum to this article has been published.

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Correspondence to Tonia Poteat.

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Conflict of Interest

Ayana Elliot has served on the speakers’ bureau for Gilead Sciences Inc.

Tonia Poteat, Mannat Malik, and Ayden Scheim declare that they have no competing interests.

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on The Science of Prevention

An erratum to this article is available at https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-017-0365-9.

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Poteat, T., Malik, M., Scheim, A. et al. HIV Prevention Among Transgender Populations: Knowledge Gaps and Evidence for Action. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 14, 141–152 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-017-0360-1

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Keywords

  • Transgender
  • HIV prevention
  • Stigma
  • Structural determinants
  • Behavioral interventions
  • Biomedical interventions