Intimate Partner Violence and HIV: A Review
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a common and negative social determinant of health. IPV also increases vulnerability to risks associated with HIV transmission and contributes to HIV transmission. IPV is therefore predictably common among people living with HIV. It is increasingly being recognized as an important predictor of poor outcomes for those living with HIV by affecting retention to care, mental health, adherence to therapy, frequency of follow-up; all of which lead to more hospitalizations and progression to AIDS. HIV care providers can safely and effectively screen all HIV patients for IPV. Screening offers the opportunity to identify those at risk for poor outcomes and mitigate its effects. Further research is required in further defining the risk factors and outcomes of IPV and optimizing interventions. We review the association between HIV infection and IPV and make recommendations for IPV screening of HIV-positive individuals and those at high risk for HIV.
KeywordsIntimate partner violence (IPV) HIV Behavioral aspects of HIV management People living with HIV IPV screening HIV-positive individuals AIDS Mental health Research
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Reed A.C. Siemieniuk and Harmut B. Krentz declare that they have no conflict of interest.
M. John Gill is a member of National Advisory Boards to Abbvie, Merck, Janssen Gilead and ViiV Healthcare.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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