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Current Hepatitis Reports

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 91–95 | Cite as

Management of hepatitis B in patients with HBeAg-negative disease

  • Walid S. Ayoub
  • Emmet B. KeeffeEmail author
Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

Chronic hepatitis B with negative hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) is becoming a more prevalent form of chronic hepatitis B. This change is the result of selection pressure on the virus leading to a precore or double core promoter mutation of hepatitis B virus that either abolishes or downregulates synthesis of HBeAg. De novo acute infection with HBeAg-negative mutant virus rarely leads to chronic infection but usually results in acute hepatitis with a course ranging from benign to fulminant. Chronic HBeAg-negative hepatitis B is thought to evolve from wildtype HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B and is associated with a worse natural history than HBeAg-positive disease. Long-term treatment is required to maintain suppression of viral replication when using the oral nucleoside or nucleotide analogues, which have improved management of this condition. However, the need for extended therapy makes strategies to reduce or avoid resistance to antiviral drugs an important consideration.

Keywords

Lamivudine Adefovir Entecavir Emtricitabine Adefovir Dipivoxil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Current Medicine Group, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Palo AltoUSA

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