The Effect of Left Ventricular Assist Device Therapy on Cardiac Biomarkers: Implications for the Identification of Myocardial Recovery
Purpose of Review
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy serves as mainstay therapy for bridge to transplantation and destination therapy. Evidence is now mounting on the role of LVAD therapy as bridge to recovery. In the current review, we will summarize the data on biomarkers of myocardial recovery following LVAD implantation.
Myocardial recovery can occur spontaneously, following pharmacological intervention and in the setting of mechanical circulatory support such as LVAD. Several biomarkers such as B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), ST2, etc. have been identified and are being used to guide medical therapy in heart failure (HF) patients. However, recent data raised concern that those biomarkers may not be helpful in managing heart failure patients in general, and as such questioned their use in the advanced heart failure population. At this point, the use of biomarker to identify patients with myocardial recovery during LVAD support has not been established, and LVAD explantation remains a decision driven by echocardiographic and hemodynamics improvement.
HF biomarkers in monitoring myocardial and neurohormonal activation response to mechanical unloading and medical therapy could be valuable. However, at this time, there is inadequate evidence to select a single or a set of HF biomarkers to reliably identify patients bridged to recovery for LVAD explantation.
KeywordsHeart failure Biomarkers Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) Myocardial recovery
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
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