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Current Heart Failure Reports

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 131–140 | Cite as

Nutritional Interventions in Heart Failure: Challenges and Opportunities

  • Conor P. Kerley
Pharmacologic Therapy (W.H.W. Tang, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Pharmacologic Therapy

Abstract

Purpose of Review

There is a growing body of evidence that nutritional factors influence the incidence of heart failure (HF). The current manuscript aims to collate evidence relating to nutritional intervention in the treatment of HF as well as to provide context regarding challenges and opportunities in the field.

Recent Findings

Despite the accepted importance of nutritional factors relating to cardiovascular disease severity, there is surprisingly little human intervention research regarding dietary intake and HF. Further, existing nutritional interventions in HF were mostly pilot studies with small samples and short follow-up.

Summary

There is consistent evidence that nutritional factors majorly influence HF. Despite limited research, there is evidence that nutritional modification can rapidly and profoundly influence multiple aspects of HF. There is an urgent need for well-conducted research to ascertain if nutritional modification can alter the long-term course of HF.

Keywords

Nutrition Diet Food Intervention Heart failure 

Abbreviations

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

CVEs

Cardiovascular events

DART

Diet And Reinfarction Trial

DASH

Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

DASH-DHF

DASH-Diastolic Heart Failure

HF

Heart failure

MedDiet

Mediterranean diet

MI

Myocardial infarction

PREDIMED

Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chronic Cardiovascular Disease Management Unit and Heart Failure UnitSt Vincent’s Healthcare Group/St Michael’s HospitalCounty DublinIreland

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