Coenzyme Q10 and Utility in Heart Failure: Just Another Supplement?

Abstract

Heart failure affects 5.1 million people in the USA annually. It accounts for a frequent cause of hospitalizations and disability. Patients with congestive heart failure have lower plasma levels of CoQ10, which is an independent predictor of mortality in this patient population. It has been hypothesized that a deficiency of CoQ10 can play a role in the development and worsening of heart failure, and that oral supplementation can possibly improve symptoms and survival in these patients. Based on previous small studies and meta-analyses, the use of CoQ10 in heart failure suggested an improvement ejection fraction, stroke volume, cardiac output, and cardiac index with CoQ10 supplementation, however most of these small studies appeared to be underpowered to result in any significant data. The results of the recent Q-SYMBIO trial demonstrated an improvement in heart failure symptoms with a significant reduction in major adverse cardiovascular events and mortality.

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Correspondence to Sylvia Oleck.

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Sylvia Oleck and Hector O Ventura have no disclosures.

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Oleck, S., Ventura, H.O. Coenzyme Q10 and Utility in Heart Failure: Just Another Supplement?. Curr Heart Fail Rep 13, 190–195 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11897-016-0296-6

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Keywords

  • Heart failure
  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Ubiquinone
  • Ubiquinol