Going Gluten Free: the History and Nutritional Implications of Today’s Most Popular Diet

  • Carolyn Newberry
  • Lindsay McKnight
  • Menaka Sarav
  • Octavia Pickett-Blakely
Nutrition and Obesity (S McClave and J Obert, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Nutrition and Obesity


Purpose of Review

The gluten-free diet (GFD) has become one of the most popular diets in modern history. Claims of improved health and increased energy fuel this popularity, though there is little evidence to substantiate these claims. The present review focuses on outlining known gluten-related disorders (GRD), discussing the GFD in the general population, exploring nutritional considerations, and providing advice for physicians in managing these patients.

Recent Findings

Currently, about a quarter of the population reports keeping a GFD despite GRDs affecting less than half of these individuals. Reduced intake of calcium, B vitamins, and fiber as well as enhanced consumption of fat and simple carbohydrates has consistently been reported and needs to be continually addressed.


Although a necessity in proper management of GRDs, unforeseen nutritional complications may develop in patients who are gluten free for which enhanced physician awareness is vital to achieving optimal patient care.


Gluten-free diet Nutrition Gluten-related disorder Celiac disease Non-celiac gluten sensitivity 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •Of importance ••Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolyn Newberry
    • 1
  • Lindsay McKnight
    • 2
  • Menaka Sarav
    • 3
  • Octavia Pickett-Blakely
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GastroenterologyUniversity of Pennsylvania Perelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgical Critical CareUniversity of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine KnoxvilleKnoxvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of NephrologyNorthshore University HealthSystemEvanstonUSA

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