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Small Bowel Congenital Anomalies: a Review and Update

  • Small Intestine (D Sachar, Section Editor)
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Abstract

The small intestine is a complex organ system that is vital to the life of the individual. There are a number of congenital anomalies that occur and present most commonly in infancy; however, some may not present until adulthood. Most congenital anomalies of the small intestine will present with obstructive symptoms while some may present with vomiting, abdominal pain, and/or gastrointestinal bleeding. Various radiologic procedures can aid in the diagnosis of these lesions that vary depending on the particular anomaly. Definitive therapy for these congenial anomalies is surgical, and in some cases, surgery needs to be performed urgently. The overall prognosis of congenital anomalies of the small intestine is very good and has improved with improved medical management and the advent of newer surgical modalities. The congenital anomalies of the small intestine reviewed in this article include malrotation, Meckel’s diverticulum, duodenal web, duodenal atresia, jejunoileal atresia, and duplications.

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Correspondence to William Cochran.

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Grant Morris and Alfred Kennedy Jr. declare that they have no conflicts of interest. William Cochran reports he is on the speaker’s bureau for Nestle Nutrition, outside the submitted work.

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Morris, G., Kennedy, A. & Cochran, W. Small Bowel Congenital Anomalies: a Review and Update. Curr Gastroenterol Rep 18, 16 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-016-0490-4

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