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The Global Burden of Diabetic Kidney Disease: Time Trends and Gender Gaps

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Diabetes mellitus prevalence is increasing throughout the world as a consequence of growing rates of obesity, metabolic syndrome, and westernization of lifestyle. It is currently unknown to what extent these trends affect the global burden of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). This review seeks to describe the global burden of DKD and how it has changed throughout time using recently released results of the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study.

Recent Findings

DKD prevalence has remained fairly stable at the global level and among many world regions since 1990. At the global level, the proportion of DKD deaths relative to other types of CKD is increasing.

Summary

Certain world regions still have very high rates of DKD, whereas other world regions have decreasing prevalence and mortality. Screening will likely play an important role in mitigating the growing burden within high-risk regions.

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Correspondence to Bernadette Thomas.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Microvascular Complications—Nephropathy

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Appendix Figure 1

Proportion of chronic kidney disease deaths due to diabetic kidney disease at global, regional, and country levels for the years 1990 and 2017. (PDF 123 kb)

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Thomas, B. The Global Burden of Diabetic Kidney Disease: Time Trends and Gender Gaps. Curr Diab Rep 19, 18 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-019-1133-6

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Keywords

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Global burden of diabetic kidney disease
  • Gender and diabetic kidney disease