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Current Diabetes Reports

, 18:91 | Cite as

The Impact of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity on Cardiovascular Risk in Adulthood: a Systematic Review

  • Adir Sommer
  • Gilad TwigEmail author
Macrovascular Complications in Diabetes (VR Aroda and A Getaneh, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Macrovascular Complications in Diabetes

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Adult obesity and cardiovascular diseases are closely linked. Yet, the relationship of childhood and adolescent obesities with cardiovascular diseases in adulthood requires additional evidence. The goal of the review is to inspect the relationship between childhood- and adolescent-increased body mass index (BMI) and cardiovascular risk factors, fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular diseases in adulthood.

Recent Findings

Cardiovascular diseases in adulthood are linked by most of the studies to childhood and adolescent obesities.

Summary

Studies showed that childhood and adolescent obesities increased the incidence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and were linked to higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in adulthood. Childhood and adolescent obesities were also associated, likely with a causal relationship, with an increased likelihood for various cardiovascular morbidities including ischemic heart disease, stroke, but also non-ischemic heart disease-related cardiac pathologies.

Keywords

Childhood Adolescent Body mass index Obesity Cardiovascular disease 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Orit Pinhas-Hamiel for her comments on a later version of this manuscript. This review is dedicated to prof. Jeremy D. Kark, one of the leading epidemiologists in Israel, an outstanding scientist, and mentor, who has dedicated the last five decades to study key issues in adolescent health.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Adir Sommer and Gilad Twig declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

11892_2018_1062_MOESM1_ESM.docx (90 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 89.5 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Israel Defense Forces Medical CorpsRamat GanIsrael
  2. 2.The Sackler School of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.The Dr. Pinchas Bornstein Talpiot Medical Leadership ProgramSheba Medical CenterRamat GanIsrael
  4. 4.Department of Military MedicineHebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael

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