The Impact of Childhood and Adolescent Obesity on Cardiovascular Risk in Adulthood: a Systematic Review
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Purpose of Review
Adult obesity and cardiovascular diseases are closely linked. Yet, the relationship of childhood and adolescent obesities with cardiovascular diseases in adulthood requires additional evidence. The goal of the review is to inspect the relationship between childhood- and adolescent-increased body mass index (BMI) and cardiovascular risk factors, fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular diseases in adulthood.
Cardiovascular diseases in adulthood are linked by most of the studies to childhood and adolescent obesities.
Studies showed that childhood and adolescent obesities increased the incidence of cardiovascular disease risk factors and were linked to higher risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in adulthood. Childhood and adolescent obesities were also associated, likely with a causal relationship, with an increased likelihood for various cardiovascular morbidities including ischemic heart disease, stroke, but also non-ischemic heart disease-related cardiac pathologies.
KeywordsChildhood Adolescent Body mass index Obesity Cardiovascular disease
We thank Dr. Orit Pinhas-Hamiel for her comments on a later version of this manuscript. This review is dedicated to prof. Jeremy D. Kark, one of the leading epidemiologists in Israel, an outstanding scientist, and mentor, who has dedicated the last five decades to study key issues in adolescent health.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Adir Sommer and Gilad Twig declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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