Preventing Type 2 Diabetes with Home Cooking: Current Evidence and Future Potential

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Various dietary regimes have proven effective in preventing diabetes, yet its prevalence is growing. This review’s goals are to examine the relationship between home cooking and diabetes and to present the literature on home cooking education programs as a novel strategy to improve adherence to healthy nutrition, thus decreasing the risk of diabetes.

Recent Findings

Consumption of home-cooked food is linked to healthier nutrition and decreased risk of diabetes. Further, home cooking interventions have a short-term positive impact on nutritional intake of both children and adults, and on diabetes prevention. Well-designed randomized controlled studies are needed to rigorously evaluate the long-term impact of home cooking interventions on cooking behavior, dietary intake, diabetes, and healthcare costs.

Summary

Culinary education is an emerging field that aims to change nutrition education paradigms. Clinicians can empower patients to adopt home cooking by role modeling home cooking themselves, including home cooking content in their medical encounters, and through comprehensive lifestyle medicine interventions.

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Correspondence to Rani Polak.

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Conflict of Interest

Amir Tirosh, Barbara Livingston, David Pober, James E. Eubanks, Jr., Julie Silver, Kaya Minezaki, and Roni Loten declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Rani Polak reports royalties from Penn Publication, a grant to his institution from Vela Foundation, and his institution receives payment from CHEF Coaching—a medical education training in home cooking.

Edward M. Philips reports he provides training in CHEF Coaching (teaching clinicians how to best assist patients to adopt home cooking) through a non-profit entity (The Institute of Lifestyle Medicine at Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, an affiliate of Harvard Medical School).

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Diabetes/Cardiovascular Risk

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Polak, R., Tirosh, A., Livingston, B. et al. Preventing Type 2 Diabetes with Home Cooking: Current Evidence and Future Potential. Curr Diab Rep 18, 99 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-018-1061-x

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Keywords

  • Home cooking
  • Culinary medicine
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Nutrition