Purpose of Review
Diabetes care is undergoing a remarkable transformation by the advancements in information and communications technology (ICT). The aim of this review is to provide a general overview of various ICT-based interventions for diabetes care, challenges of their adoption, and consider future directions.
A number of systematic reviews have examined studies on various aspects of telemedicine and eHealth for diabetes care, but they are generally focused on one specific type of technology application for diabetes care.
A wide range of solutions from manual or automated telephone calls, short message services, websites, mobile health apps, remote monitoring devices, and sophisticated artificial intelligence systems has been studied in different settings and scopes with mixed results. However, despite the promising results of research studies, such innovative solutions are not widely adopted by health systems worldwide. Lack of supportive policy and legislation, unsustainable reimbursement, inefficient business models, and concerns regarding the security and privacy of health data are among the most problematic barriers.
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Farhad Fatehi is financially supported by the Queensland Government through an Advance Queensland Research Fellowship. Anish Menon is a recipient of Diabetes Queensland Scholarship. Anish Menon and Dominique Bird are financially supported by the Centre of Research Excellence in Telehealth funded by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC; grant ID APP1061183).
Conflict of Interest
Farhad Fatehi and Anish Menon declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Dominique Bird has a patent from Bupa Australia Digital Diabetes scripts - Monash University with royalties paid.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Therapies and New Technologies in the Treatment of Diabetes
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Fatehi, F., Menon, A. & Bird, D. Diabetes Care in the Digital Era: a Synoptic Overview. Curr Diab Rep 18, 38 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-018-1013-5
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