Self- and Social-Regulation in Type 1 Diabetes Management During Late Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood
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Purpose of Review
This paper aims to examine how self-regulation (i.e., cognition, emotion) and social-regulation (i.e., parents, friends, romantic partners) are interrelated risk and protective factors for type 1 diabetes management during late adolescence and emerging adulthood.
Problems in cognitive (e.g., executive function) and emotional (e.g., depressive symptoms) self-regulation are associated with poorer management, both at the between- and within-person levels. Better management occurs when parents are supportive and when individuals actively regulate the involvement of others (e.g., seek help, minimize interference). Friends both help and hinder self-regulation, while research on romantic partners is limited.
Facets of self- and social-regulation are important risk and protective factors for diabetes management during emerging adulthood. At this time when relationships are changing, the social context of diabetes may need to be regulated to support diabetes management. Interventions targeting those with self-regulation problems and facilitating self- and social-regulation in daily life may be useful.
KeywordsSelf-regulation Executive function Depression Social relationships Emerging adults Type 1 diabetes
Deborah J. Wiebe and Cynthia A. Berg received grant support from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Deborah J. Wiebe, Cynthia A. Berg, Daniel Mello, and Caitlin S. Kelly declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
All reported studies with human subjects performed by the authors have been previously published and complied with all applicable ethical standards (including the Helsinki declaration and its amendments, institutional/national research committee standards, and international/national/institutional guidelines). Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in these studies.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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