Workplace Interventions to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: a Narrative Review
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Purpose of review
This study aims to summarize the recent peer-reviewed literature on workplace interventions for prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), including studies that translate the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) curriculum to workplace settings (n = 10) and those that use different intervention approaches to achieve the specific objective of T2DM prevention among employees (n = 3).
Weight reduction was achieved through workplace interventions to prevent T2DM, though such interventions varied substantially in their effectiveness. The greatest weight loss was reported among intensive lifestyle interventions (i.e., at least 4 months in duration) that implemented the structured DPP curriculum (n = 3). Weight reduction was minimal among less intensive interventions, including those that substantially modified the DPP curriculum (n = 2) and those that used non-DPP intervention approaches to prevent T2DM (n = 3). Most studies (n = 12) reported increased levels of physical activity following the intervention.
Implementation of the DPP in workplaces may be an effective strategy to prevent T2DM among employees.
KeywordsWorkplace Prediabetes Diabetes Prevention
Dr. Hafez acknowledges support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in her role as a Clinical Scholar. Dr. O’Brien acknowledges support from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease, National Institutes of Health (DK-K23095981). Dr. Ackermann acknowledges support from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (UL1 TR001422). Dr. Kullgren is a VA HSR&D Career Development awardee at the Ann Arbor, VA. Dr. Kullgren also received grants from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, from the US Department of Veterans Affairs, and from the Donaghue Foundation.
The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States government.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Dina Hafez, Allison Fedewa, Margaret Moran, Matthew O’Brien, and Ronald Ackermann declare that they have no conflict of interest. Jeffrey T. Kullgren has received consulting fees from SeeChange Health and HealthMine.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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