Current Diabetes Reports

, 17:9 | Cite as

Workplace Interventions to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: a Narrative Review

  • Dina HafezEmail author
  • Allison Fedewa
  • Margaret Moran
  • Matthew O’Brien
  • Ronald Ackermann
  • Jeffrey T. Kullgren
Economics and Policy in Diabetes (ES Huang and AA Baig, Section Editors)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Economics and Policy in Diabetes


Purpose of review

This study aims to summarize the recent peer-reviewed literature on workplace interventions for prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), including studies that translate the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) curriculum to workplace settings (n = 10) and those that use different intervention approaches to achieve the specific objective of T2DM prevention among employees (n = 3).

Recent findings

Weight reduction was achieved through workplace interventions to prevent T2DM, though such interventions varied substantially in their effectiveness. The greatest weight loss was reported among intensive lifestyle interventions (i.e., at least 4 months in duration) that implemented the structured DPP curriculum (n = 3). Weight reduction was minimal among less intensive interventions, including those that substantially modified the DPP curriculum (n = 2) and those that used non-DPP intervention approaches to prevent T2DM (n = 3). Most studies (n = 12) reported increased levels of physical activity following the intervention.


Implementation of the DPP in workplaces may be an effective strategy to prevent T2DM among employees.


Workplace Prediabetes Diabetes Prevention 



Dr. Hafez acknowledges support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in her role as a Clinical Scholar. Dr. O’Brien acknowledges support from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease, National Institutes of Health (DK-K23095981). Dr. Ackermann acknowledges support from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (UL1 TR001422). Dr. Kullgren is a VA HSR&D Career Development awardee at the Ann Arbor, VA. Dr. Kullgren also received grants from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, from the US Department of Veterans Affairs, and from the Donaghue Foundation.

The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the Department of Veterans Affairs or the United States government.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Dina Hafez, Allison Fedewa, Margaret Moran, Matthew O’Brien, and Ronald Ackermann declare that they have no conflict of interest. Jeffrey T. Kullgren has received consulting fees from SeeChange Health and HealthMine.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

11892_2017_840_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 15 kb)


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dina Hafez
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 7
    Email author
  • Allison Fedewa
    • 1
  • Margaret Moran
    • 5
    • 6
  • Matthew O’Brien
    • 5
    • 6
  • Ronald Ackermann
    • 5
    • 6
  • Jeffrey T. Kullgren
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars ProgramUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.VA Center for Clinical Management Research, VA Ann Arbor Healthcare SystemAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.University of Michigan Institute for Healthcare Policy and InnovationAnn ArborUSA
  5. 5.Department of MedicineNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  6. 6.Center for Community Health, Institute for Public Health and MedicineNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  7. 7.Ann ArborUSA

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