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Stillbirth in the Pregnancy Complicated by Diabetes

  • Roman Starikov
  • Donald Dudley
  • Uma M. ReddyEmail author
Diabetes and Pregnancy (CJ Homko, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Diabetes and Pregnancy

Abstract

Pregestational diabetes currently complicates 4 % of pregnancies, while gestational diabetes complicates approximately 8 % of pregnancies. Increased risk of stillbirth in diabetic pregnancies has been a well-known and recognized complication for decades. While stillbirth rates for diabetic pregnancies have decreased due to screening, treatment, and antenatal surveillance of these patients, about 4 % of all stillbirths remain attributable to diabetes, and diabetic pregnancies continue to be at increased risk for perinatal mortality. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and prevention, as well as future research, of diabetes-associated perinatal mortality.

Keywords

Stillbirth Pregestational diabetes mellitus Gestational diabetes mellitus Hemoglobin A1c Hyperglycemia Hypoglycemia 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Roman Starikov, Donald Dudley, and Uma M. Reddy declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

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