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Executive Function, Adherence, and Glycemic Control in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: a Literature Review


The aim of the present review was to examine and report findings from published research to date that has examined associations between executive function (EF), adherence, and glycemic control in youth with type 1 diabetes. A review of the published research is presented with the objectives of reporting the following: (1) the associations between EF and adherence, (2) the associations between EF and glycemic control, (3) proposed methodological considerations needed to advance related research, (4) recommendations for future research, and (5) clinical recommendations. The major conclusions of this review support the presence of an association between EF, adherence, and glycemic control. Additional prospective and controlled studies are necessary to fully understand the impact of EF on the ability of youth to independently manage type 1 diabetes.

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Fig. 1


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Danny C. Duke and Michael A. Harris declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Correspondence to Danny C. Duke.

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Duke, D.C., Harris, M.A. Executive Function, Adherence, and Glycemic Control in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: a Literature Review. Curr Diab Rep 14, 532 (2014).

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  • Executive function
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Diabetes
  • Adherence
  • Compliance
  • Glycemic control
  • Metabolic control
  • Youth
  • Adolescence
  • Children