Technology to Optimize Pediatric Diabetes Management and Outcomes
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Technology for diabetes management is rapidly developing and changing. With each new development, there are numerous factors to consider, including medical benefits, impact on quality of life, ease of use, and barriers to use. It is also important to consider the interaction between developmental stage and technology. This review considers a number of newer diabetes-related technologies and explores issues related to their use in the pediatric diabetes population (including young adults), with a focus on psychosocial factors. Areas include trend technology in blood glucose monitoring, continuous glucose monitoring, sensor-augmented insulin pumps and low glucose suspend functions, internet applications including videoconferencing, mobile applications (apps), text messaging, and online gaming.
KeywordsPediatric diabetes Technology Psychosocial Continuous glucose monitoring Insulin pump Management Outcomes
This work was supported in part by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Grant 1K23DK092335, the William Randolph Hearst Foundation, the Katherine Adler Astrove Youth Education Fund, the Maria Griffin Drury Pediatric Fund, the Eleanor Chesterman Beatson Fund, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Grant 1R01DK095273 and National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Grant 5R01DK089349 Reference List.
Compliance with Ethics Guidelines
Conflict of Interest
Jessica T. Markowitz has received honoraria and travel/accommodations expenses covered or reimbursed from Children with Diabetes. Kara R. Harrington declares that she has no conflict of interest. Lori M.B. Laffel has been a consultant for Bristol-Myers Squibb, JDRF, Johnson & Johnson, LifeScan/Animas, Eli Lilly, Menarini, Oshadi Administrative Devices, and Sanofi. She has received grant support from NIH/Bayer. She has received honoraria from TrialNet and has received royalties from Up to Date. She has also received travel/accommodations expenses covered or reimbursed from Advance Technologies and Treatment for Diabetes (ATTD), International Diabetes Forum, French Diabetes Society, Spanish Diabetes Society, European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD, and International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD).
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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