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Anesthetic Management in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) are a complex and growing population that presents numerous challenges for anesthetic management. This review summarizes special considerations for anesthetic management in ACHD.

Recent Findings

The adult patient with congenital heart disease may require anesthetic care for multiple surgeries and interventions throughout their lifetime. The cardiac and extracardiac manifestations of ACHD have important perioperative implications that affect anesthetic management. Recent American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology and European Society of Cardiology guidelines endorse a multidisciplinary, team-based approach to care. The cardiac anesthesiologist, endorsed as part of this multidisciplinary team, must have a thorough understanding of congenital heart disease pathophysiology and common extra-cardiac manifestations of ACHD.

Summary

Safe anesthetic management in adult congenital heart disease should incorporate a multi-disciplinary approach to patient care. Anesthesiologists and centers with special expertise in ACHD care should be utilized or consulted whenever possible.

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Andrews, J.S., Hashmi, N.K. Anesthetic Management in Adults with Congenital Heart Disease. Curr Cardiol Rep 24, 235–246 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11886-022-01639-y

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Keywords

  • Congenital heart disease
  • Cardiac anesthesia
  • ACHD
  • Extra-cardiac manifestations of ACHD