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Dairy Intake and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Due to inconsistent findings on dairy consumption and CVD and all-cause mortality, we performed a narrative literature review to the current literature on dairy and its association with CVD.

Recent Findings

Due to their complex biochemistry, dairy consumption is a rather heterogeneous exposure. Multiple pathways have been proposed from dairy consumption and CVD. Current guidelines advocate for consumption of low-fat dairy products particularly milk, cheese, and yogurt, although the evidence for this is scant. Randomized clinical trials and large prospective studies on lipid-related cardiometabolic disease risk factors are consistent with results from most meta-analyses of prospective cohort studies, which suggest null or inverse relationship between CVD risk and mortality with dairy consumption although there is no clear dose response relationship.

Summary

Most of current evidence suggests that dairy products are neutral or positive effect on human cardiovascular diseases.

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Abbreviations

(CVD):

Cardiovascular disease

(CHD):

coronary heart disease

(SFA):

Saturated fatty acids

(LDL):

Low-density lipoprotein

(HDL):

High-density lipoprotein

(DGAC):

Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

(PUFA):

Polyunsaturated fatty acids

(MUFA):

Monounsaturated fatty acids

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Correspondence to Abhizith Deoker.

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Vivek Bhupathi, Monica Mazariegos, and Jose B. Cruz Rodriguez declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Bhupathi, V., Mazariegos, M., Cruz Rodriguez, J.B. et al. Dairy Intake and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease. Curr Cardiol Rep 22, 11 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11886-020-1263-0

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Keywords

  • Dairy
  • Milk
  • Cheese
  • Yogurt
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Heart disease
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Stroke