Clinical Application of Ultrasound in Male Voiding Dysfunction
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Purpose of Review
Ultrasound is the most widely used imaging modality in the assessment of male voiding dysfunction. The lower urinary tract can be in imaged by transabdominal, transrectal, and transperineal approaches.
There is an emerging role of transperineal ultrasound in pelvic floor physiotherapy and also in the evaluation of male sling, especially in failed sling cases.
Common applications of ultrasound in lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction include measurement of post-void residual volume, prostate size, bladder wall thickness, and intravesical protrusion of the prostate (IPP). IPP measurement by transabdominal ultrasound of the bladder base is the most established non-invasive imaging parameter in the diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO).
KeywordsUltrasound Bladder outlet obstruction Incontinence Radical prostatectomy
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Dr. Chan, Jarvis, and Tse declare no conflicts of interests
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Transabdominal ultrasound video of bladder and prostate (MP4 4891 kb).
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance
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