Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction in Patients with Neurogenic Bladder

Abstract

Patients with primary neurologic conditions often experience urinary and bowel dysfunction due to loss of sensory and/or motor control. Neurogenic bowel dysfunction is frequently characterized by both constipation and fecal incontinence. In general, the management of neurogenic bowel dysfunction has been less well studied than bladder dysfunction despite their close association. It is widely accepted that establishment of a multifaceted bowel regimen is the cornerstone of conservative management. Continuing assessment is necessary to determine the need for more invasive interventions. In the clinical setting, the Urologist may be the principle provider addressing bowel concerns in addition to bladder dysfunction, and furthermore, treatment of one often impacts the other. Future directions should include development of follow-up and management guidelines that address the comprehensive care of this patient population.

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Correspondence to Rose Khavari.

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Drs Martinez, Neshatian and Khavari declare no conflicts of interest.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Reconstructed Bladder Function & Dysfunction

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Martinez, L., Neshatian, L. & Khavari, R. Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction in Patients with Neurogenic Bladder. Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep 11, 334–340 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11884-016-0390-3

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Keywords

  • Neurogenic bowel
  • Neurogenic bladder
  • Constipation
  • Fecal Incontinence
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Spinal dysraphism
  • Myelomeningiocele
  • Multiple sclerosis