Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 212–216 | Cite as

Complications of Fungal Cystitis

  • Mohamed Ismail
  • Hashim HashimEmail author
Inflammatory/Infectious Bladder Conditions (S Mourad, Section Editor)


Fungal infection of the urinary tract is a relatively rare condition. The incidence ranges from 1-2.2 %. Patients who are critically ill, on long-term antimicrobial treatment, who have an indwelling catheter or suffer from diabetes mellitus, are more susceptible to getting fungal infection. Complications of fungal infection of the bladder include emphysematous cystitis, fungus balls (Bezoars and mycetomas), obstructive uropathy, pyelonephritis, papillary necrosis, intrarenal and perinephric abscesses, prostatitis and epididymo-orchitis. The main treatment includes antifungal agents such as fluconazole and surgical intervention.


Cystitis Candida Emphysematous cystitis Inflammation Pyelonephritis Epididymoorchitis Fluconazole Amphotericin B Flucystosine Antifungal Bezoars Mycetomas Fungus ball Prostatitis Immuno-compromised Fungal cystitis Diabetes mellitus Indwelling catheter Bladder Renal Hyphae Necrosis Cystoscopy Funguria Fungaemia 


Conflict of Interest

Mohamed Ismail declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Hashim Hashim declares that he has no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bristol Urological InstituteSouthmead HospitalBristolUK

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