Indoor Environmental Interventions and their Effect on Asthma Outcomes
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Purpose of Review
The use of environmental interventions to improve outcomes in asthmatics has long been an elusive goal. While numerous interventions have been studied, the results of clinical trials have been mixed. This review aims to identify combinations of interventions that have been proven to be effective and to propose a model for using them in a clinical setting.
An NIH workshop emphasized a need for research to identify effective interventions for reducing indoor exposures and improving asthma outcomes. A number of innovative measures were described, though evidence supporting their use was lacking. A recent systematic review described various interventions for which evidence is available. The greatest challenge for this approach is the same as that for the medical approach to treatment: nonadherence.
Given evidence for effective interventions, control of environmental exposures should lead to improved asthma outcomes. Methods to improve adherence need to be identified.
KeywordsEnvironment Asthma Allergens Remediation
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest relevant to this manuscript.
Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent
This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.
Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •Of importance ••Of major importance
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