The Role of Textiles in Dermatitis: An Update

Abstract

Dermatitis has important implications for individuals who are affected. It can significantly impair function and quality of life. Dermatitis is multi-factorial and often includes elements of atopic dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and irritant contact dermatitis in a co-existent manner. Textiles are in contact with the human skin for extended periods of time and as a result, they are an important part of the cutaneous environment. Thus, it is not surprising that textiles play a major role in both the etiology and the treatment of various types of dermatitis. This review discusses the role of textiles in dermatitis with an emphasis on interesting and recent advances, trends, perspectives, gaps, and conflicts in the field. In addition, we mention other disease processes to be aware of as they can often mimic textile pattern dermatitis. Lastly, we provide a diagnostic approach for patients presenting with textile pattern dermatitis.

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Conflict of Interest

Motunrayo Mobolaji-Lawal has nothing to disclose. Dr. Susan Nedorost reports grants from Lenzing Fibers, Austria, outside the submitted work.

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This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

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Correspondence to Susan Nedorost.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection on Allergic Skin Diseases

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Mobolaji-Lawal, M., Nedorost, S. The Role of Textiles in Dermatitis: An Update. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 15, 17 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11882-015-0518-0

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Keywords

  • Textiles
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Irritant contract dermatitis
  • Disperse dyes
  • Formaldehyde