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The Common Cold: Potential for Future Prevention or Cure

  • Maria Passioti
  • Paraskevi MagginaEmail author
  • Spyridon Megremis
  • Nikolaos G. Papadopoulos
RHINOSINUSITIS (J MULLOL, SECTION EDITOR)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Rhinosinusitis

Abstract

The common cold is the most frequent, although generally mild, human disease. Human Rhinoviruses are the prevalent causative agents, but other viruses are also implicated. Being so common, viral colds, have significant implications on public health and quality of life, but may also be life-threatening for vulnerable groups of patients. Specific diagnosis and treatment of the common cold still remain unmet needs. Molecular diagnostic techniques allow specific detection of known pathogens as well as the identification of newly emerging viruses. Although a number of medications or natural treatments have been shown to have some effect, either on the number or on the severity of common colds, no single agent is considerably effective. Virus-specific management remains in most cases a challenging potential as many factors have to be taken into account, including the diversity of the viral genomes, the heterogeneity of affected individuals, as well as the complexity of this long standing host-virus relationship.

Keywords

Common cold Prevention Cure Rhinovirus Upper respiratory tract infections Antiviral therapy Vaccines Influenza RSV Molecular diagnosis Management Passive immunization Vaccination 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Nikolaos G. Papadopoulos has served as a consultant for AbbVie, Novartis, Menarini, and Meda; has received grant support from Merck, Sharp & Dohme, Nestle, and GlaxoSmithKline; has received payment for giving lectures/serving on speakers bureaus from Novartis, Uriach, GlaxoSmithKline, Allergopharma, and Stallergen; and has received payment for development of educational presentations from Uriach and Meda.

Maria Passioti, Paraskevi Maggina, and Spyridon Megremis declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of important •• Of major important

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Passioti
    • 1
  • Paraskevi Maggina
    • 1
    Email author
  • Spyridon Megremis
    • 1
  • Nikolaos G. Papadopoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.Allergy & Clinical Immunology Research Center, 2nd Department of Paediatrics, ‘P&A Kyriakou’ Childrens’ HospitalUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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