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Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 651–661 | Cite as

Food Allergy and Quality of Life: What Have We Learned?

  • Jantina L. van der Velde
  • Anthony E. J. Dubois
  • Bertine M. J. Flokstra-de Blok
FOOD ALLERGY (D ATKINS, SECTION EDITOR)

Abstract

Health-related quality of life (HRQL) has become an emerging focus of interest in food allergy. Food allergy is a disease characterized by low mortality and symptoms which only occur during an allergic reaction. However, food-allergic patients continuously need to be alert when eating in order to prevent potentially severe allergic reactions, which may be fatal. Fear of such reactions and the need to be continuously vigilant may seriously compromise their HRQL. During the last decade, numerous studies have been published on food allergy and HRQL. The development of reliable, valid and responsive instruments for measuring HRQL in food allergic patients has facilitated this research even further. Such instruments have given insight into the specific problems a patient may face and the impact of food allergy-related interventions from the patient’s perspective. This paper focuses on the most significant findings regarding this topic since its first appearance in the literature in 2000.

Keywords

Food allergy Health-related quality of life HRQL Interventions 

Abbreviations

DBPCFC

Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge

FAIM

Food Allergy Independent Measure Questionnaire

FAIS

Food Allergy Impact Scale

FAP-Q

Food Allergy Parent-Questionnaire

FAQLQ-CF -TF, -AF, -PF & -PFT

Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire-Child Form, -Teenager Form, -Adult Form, -Parent Form (0–12 years), and -Parent Form Teenagers (13–17 years)

FAQL-PB

Food Allergy Quality of Life–Parental Burden Questionnaire

FAQL-Teen

Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire for Teenagers

FLIP

Food Hypersensitivity Family Impact Questionnaire

HRQL

Health-related quality of life

MID

Minimal important difference

PFA-QL

Pediatric Food Allergy–Quality of Life questionnaire

QoL

Quality of Life

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Guidelines

Conflict of Interest

Jantina L.van der Velde, Anthony E.J. Dubois, and Bertine M.J. Flokstra-de Blok declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with animal subjects performed by any of the authors. With regard to the authors’ research cited in this paper, all procedures were followed in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 and 2008.

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Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jantina L. van der Velde
    • 1
    • 3
  • Anthony E. J. Dubois
    • 2
    • 3
  • Bertine M. J. Flokstra-de Blok
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.University Medical Center Groningen, Department of General PracticeUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and Pediatric AllergyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.University Medical Center Groningen, GRIAC Research InstituteUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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