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Day-night variability of PM10 components at a Mediterranean urban site during winter

Abstract

Daytime and nighttime PM10 samples were collected during winter at an urban site in Southeastern Spain. Samples were subsequently analyzed to determine the concentrations of water-soluble ions, carbonaceous species, and metals. PM10 daytime and nighttime concentrations were 26.1 and 20.6 μg/m3, respectively. This difference may be mainly attributed to the reduction in the number of vehicles during nighttime. Traffic-related components such as EC, Ca and other crustal elements, Cu or Zn, showed statistically significantly higher concentrations during daytime, suggesting that traffic emissions were more relevant than day-to-night differences in meteorological conditions. In contrast, no significant differences between daytime and nighttime levels of secondary inorganic ions (SO42−, NO3 and NH4+) were found. Primary and secondary organic carbon concentrations were estimated using the EC tracer method. As expected, POC levels were greater during the day due to increased vehicle exhaust emissions; conversely, higher SOC concentrations were registered during the nighttime period. This was most likely the result of a significant contribution of nighttime chemistry to the formation of secondary organic aerosols.

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Funding

This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry MINECO and the Valencian Regional Government under the CGL2012-39623-C02-2 (PRISMA-AITANA) and GV/2017/199 research projects, respectively.

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Correspondence to Nuria Galindo.

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Galindo, N., Yubero, E., Nicolás, J.F. et al. Day-night variability of PM10 components at a Mediterranean urban site during winter. Air Qual Atmos Health 11, 1251–1258 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-018-0627-8

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Keywords

  • PM10
  • Carbonaceous components
  • Metals
  • Water-soluble ions
  • Diurnal variation
  • Traffic