Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Air quality and environmental protection concerns among residents in Nanchang, China

Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Rapid economic development in China has been accompanied by environmental pollution, most notably air pollution. A cross-sectional survey of residents was conducted at four locations in Nanchang, China, from May to June 2013, using anonymous questionnaires to improve understanding of knowledge and perceptions of air pollution and environmental protection. Descriptive analysis and chi-square tests were performed to estimate the association between concerns about air quality and individual and governmental roles in environmental protection. Five independent variables: respondent’s gender, age, residence, education and income, were statistically analyzed using the chi-square test. The survey was completed by 721 residents (response rate = 89.5 %). Approximately 70 % of the interviewees perceived that the air quality was fair or better, but more than 70 % of participants believed that government in Nanchang has not spent enough resources on preventing air pollution. Almost all of the participants (96.7 %) expressed their support for more governmental actions to improve the air quality and 98 % of the respondents agreed that this is also the responsibility of every citizen. The majority of respondents (over 91 %) worry about the effects of poor air quality on their children’s health in the future. Most citizens, especially those with higher education and income, are strongly supportive of additional efforts to improve air quality. Most respondents (78.5 %) even expressed their willingness to contribute money to improve the air quality.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Institutional subscriptions

References

  • Avol EL, Gauderman WJ, Tan SM et al (2001) Respiratory effects of relocating to areas of differing air pollution levels. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 164:2067–2072

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bailey P, Yearley S, Forrester J (1999) Involving the public in local air pollution assessment: a citizen participation case study. Int J Environ Pollut 11(3):290–303

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Beaumont R, Hamilton RS, Machin N et al (1999) Social awareness of air quality information. Sci Total Environ 235(1–3):319–329

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bickerstaff K, Walker G (1999) Clearing the smog? Public responses to air-quality information. Local Environ 4(3):279–294

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bickerstaff K, Walker G (2001) Public understandings of air pollution: the “localisation” of environmental risk. Glob Environ Chang 11(2):133–145

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bickerstaff K, Walker G (2003) The place(s) of matter: matter out of place — public understandings of air pollution. Prog Hum Geogr 27(1):45–67

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Brechin SR, Kempton W (1994) Global environmentalism: a challenge to the postmaterialism thesis? Soc Sci Q (Univ Tex Press) 75(2):245–269

    Google Scholar 

  • Bush J, Moffatt S et al (2001a) “Even the birds round here cough”: stigma, air pollution and health in Teesside. Health Place 7(1):47–56

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bush J, Moffatt S et al (2001b) Keeping the public informed? Public negotiation of air quality information. Publ Underst Sci 10(2):213–229

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cole DC, David Pengelly L et al (1999) Consulting the community for environmental health indicator development: the case of air quality. Health Promot Int 14(2):145–154

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Crowe MJ (1968) Toward a “definitional model” of public perceptions of air pollution. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 18(3):154–157

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • deGroot I (1967) Trends in public attitudes toward air pollution. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 17(10):679–681

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dunlap, Gallup GH, Gallup AM (1993) Of global concern—results of the health of the planet survey. Environment 35(9):6–23

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dworkin JM, Pijawka KD (1982) Public concern for air-quality—explaining change in Toronto, Canada, 1967–1978. Int J Environ Stud 20(1):17–26

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Frischer T, Studnicka M, Gartner C et al (1999) Lung function growth and ambient ozone: a three-year population study in school children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 160:390–396

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fu QY, Yang DQ, Huang R et al (2004) Atmospheric capacity of motor vehicles development in Shanghai. Environ Sci 25:1–6

    Google Scholar 

  • Gauderman WJ, McConnell R, Gilliland F et al (2000) Association between air pollution and lung function growth in southern California children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 162:1383–1390

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gauderman WJ, Gilliland GF, Vora H et al (2002) Association between air pollution and lung function growth in southern California children: results from a second cohort. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 166:76–84

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Health Effects Institute (2004) Health effects of outdoor air pollution in developing countries of Asia: a literature review. Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA. http://pubs.healtheffects.org/view.php?id=3

  • Horak F Jr, Studnicka M, Gartner C et al (2002) Particulate matter and lung function growth in children: a 3-yr follow-up study in Austrian schoolchildren. Eur Respir J 19:838–845

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Howel D, Moffatt S et al (2003) Public views on the links between air pollution and health in Northeast England. Environ Res 91(3):163–171

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jacobi PR (1994) Households and environment in the city of Sao-Paulo—problems, perceptions and solutions. Environ Urban 6(2):87–110

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jedrychowski W, Flak E, Mroz E (1999) The adverse effect of low levels of ambient air pollutants on lung function growth in preadolescent children. Environ Health Perspect 107:669–674

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Johnson DL, Allegre R et al (1972) Public attitudes and public action. Am Behav Sci 16:533–566

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu JG, Diamond J (2005) China’s environment in a globalizing world–—how China and the rest of the world affect each other. Nature 435:1179–1186

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Liu XL, Yu F, Qiao DC (2006) A study on the effect of air pollution on exercisers’ IL-6 and TNF-α in serum expression. J Guangzhou Phys Educ Inst 26(6):72–81

    Google Scholar 

  • Mukherjee BN (1993) Public response to air-pollution in Calcutta proper. J Environ Psychol 13(3):207–230

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nanchang Statistical Information Net (2013) National Economic and Social Development Statistics Bulletin of Nanchang in 2012. http://www.nctj.gov.cn/Content.aspx?ItemID=9046

  • National Bureau of Statistics of China. China Statistical Yearbook (2006; 2011)

  • Nel A (2005) Atmosphere, air pollution-related illness: effects of particles. Science 308:804–806

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Saksena S (2011) Public perceptions of urban air pollution risks. Risk Hazards Crisis Pub Policy 2(1):1–19

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schroeder SA (2007) We can do better—improving the health of the American people. New Engl J Med. Shattuck Lecture, September 20, 2007

  • Schusky J (1966) Public awareness and concern with air pollution in the St. Louis Metropolitan area. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 16(2):72–76

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Smith WS, Schueneman JJ et al (1964) Public reaction to air pollution in Nashville, Tennessee. J Air Pollut Control Assoc 14:418–423

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Stieb DM, Paola J, Neuman K (1996) Do smog advisories work? Results of an evaluation of the Canadian Smog Advisory Program. Can J Pub Health-Rev Can Sante Publ 87(3):166–169

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sun XL, Li SC, Zeng QX et al (2008) Urban air pollution and necessary preventive countermeasures. J Saf Environ 8(4):73–76

    Google Scholar 

  • Wang H (2010) Urban air pollution hazards and prevention measures. Technol Forum 26:66

    Google Scholar 

  • WHO (2006) Air quality guidelines: global update 2005. World Health Organization, Geneva

  • Xie M, Liu T, Lu XA (2004) Correlation research between SARS’ propagation incidence and concentration of inhalable particulates in air in Guangzhou. J Saf Environ 4(3):73–76

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhang L, Jacob DJ, Boersma KF et al (2008) Transpacific transport of ozone pollution and the effect of recent Asian emission increases on air quality in North America: an integrated analysis using satellite, aircraft, ozonesonde, and surface observations. Atmos Chem Phys 8:6117–6136

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang Q, He KB, Hua H (2012) Cleaning China’s air—to reduce airborne soot, organics and sulphates, tailored strategies for each must be established and coal use limited. Nature 484:161–162

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhao WH (2009) Variations and affecting factors of urban air quality in Fujian Province. J Subtrop Resour Environ 4(4):86–91

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhou K, Ye YH, Liu Q et al (2007) Evaluation of ambient air quality in Guangzhou, China. J Environ Sci 19(4):432–437

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This study was conducted as part of Nanchang University–University of Hawaii International Public Health Exchange Program. The lead agency was the School of Public Health, Nanchang University. We express our great appreciation to the collaborating agencies, including East Lake District CDC, West Lake District CDC, Jiangxi Provincial Children’s Hospital and East Lake District Kindergarten in Nanchang. We also thank all the teachers and students who took part in the design of the study and the site investigation.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Zhaokang Yuan or Yuanan Lu.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zhang, L., Yuan, Z., Maddock, J.E. et al. Air quality and environmental protection concerns among residents in Nanchang, China. Air Qual Atmos Health 7, 441–448 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-014-0255-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-014-0255-x

Keywords

Navigation