, Volume 48, Issue 7, pp 941–946 | Cite as

Helping early childhood educators to understand and assess young children’s mathematical minds

  • Herbert P. Ginsburg
Original Article


This issue of ZDM Mathematics Education focuses on the formative assessment of young children’s mathematical thinking, with an emphasis on computer-based approaches drawing upon on cognitive and educational research. The authors discuss several different assessment methods, including clinical interviewing, observation, and testing, that are appropriate for children from about 3–8 years of age, and that can provide information useful for the improvement of teaching. This paper begins with a discussion of principles underlying this work and then introduces the paper topics and authors. The paper concludes by projecting a future in which professional development provides a sound basis for formative assessment; in which formative assessment is central to education; and in which the need for standard achievement tests is largely eliminated.


Mathematics Mathematical thinking Formative assessment Early childhood education Professional development 


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Copyright information

© FIZ Karlsruhe 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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