Holomorphic injective extensions of functions in P(K) and algebra generators
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We present necessary and sufficient conditions on planar compacta K and continuous functions f on K in order that f generate the algebras P(K), R(K), A(K) or C(K). We also unveil quite surprisingly simple examples of non-polynomial convex compacta K ⊆ C and f ∈ P(K) with the property that f ∈ P(K) is a homeomorphism of K onto its image, but for which f −1 ∉ P(f(K)). As a consequence, such functions do not admit injective holomorphic extensions to the interior of the polynomial convex hull \(\widehat K\). On the other hand, it is shown that the restriction f*|G of the Gelfand-transform f* of an injective function f ∈ P(K) is injective on every regular, bounded complementary component G of K. A necessary and sufficient condition in terms of the behaviour of f on the outer boundary of K is given in order that f admit a holomorphic injective extension to \(\widehat K\). We also include some results on the existence of continuous logarithms on punctured compacta containing the origin in their boundary.
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