Temperature, salinity and water-age variations in a tidal creek network, Bushehr Port, Iran

  • Seyed Taleb Hosseini
  • Vahid Chegini
  • Masoud Sadrinasab
  • Seyed Mostafa Siadatmousavi
Article

Abstract

The spatio-temporal variability of temperature and salinity was studied for a creek network and its adjacent coastal waters along the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf during warm and cold months. Salinity variations and tidal fluctuations were found to be out of phase throughout the creek. Temperature variations at the creek were exhibit a direct correlation with tidal fluctuations during cold months and were inversely related during warm months. The creek water was colder (warmer) than offshore water during the cold (warm) season. The salinity values observed inside this inverse estuary were higher during the warm season than the corresponding values during the cold season due to a change in evaporation rates; while the open water salinity had an opposite pattern. Using salinity as a tracer, the water-age (WA) was calculated, which shows almost linear increase from the mouth to the head. The maximum WA increases from ~10 days in winter to ~30 days in summer due to the corresponding increase in longitudinal salinity gradient. Based on the calculated non-dimensional Peclet number, the diffusion process is more rapid than the advection process in this water body, especially during the cold season.

Keywords

Temperature Salinity Water-age Peclet number Inverse estuary Persian gulf 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science (INIOAS) at the Persian Gulf Centre for Oceanography. The authors gratefully acknowledge the Applied Meteorology Research Center of Bushehr (AMRCB) to provide the meteorological data. The Bushehr Province Department of Ports and Maritime Organization (BPDPMO) is thanked for providing the vessel and their help for the field operations. The authors thank valuable comments made on an earlier draft from Dr. Felix Jose, Florida Gulf Coast University and from Mrs. Amy Spaziany, Spaziani Geoservices, LLC.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyed Taleb Hosseini
    • 1
  • Vahid Chegini
    • 1
  • Masoud Sadrinasab
    • 2
  • Seyed Mostafa Siadatmousavi
    • 3
  1. 1.Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric ScienceTehranIran
  2. 2.Khoramshahr University of Marine Science & TechnologyKhoramshahrIran
  3. 3.Iran University of Science &TechnologyTehranIran

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